Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
SAI
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Neuerscheinungen

Neue Bücher von Dr. Davide Torri

 Dr. Davide Torri hat vor Kurzem zwei Bücher mitherausgegeben: "The Shamaness in Asia. Gender, Religion and the State." Davide Torri and Sophie Roche (eds.) veröffentlich von Routledge; und "Dealing with Disasters: Perspectives from Eco-Cosmologies." Riboli, Diana, Pamela J. Stewart, Andrew J. Strathern, and Davide Torri, (eds.) veröffentlicht von Palgrave. Torri war im Sommersemester 2019 Profesurvertretung an der Abteilung Ethnologie des SAI, jetzt ist als Forscher am Institut für Geschichte, Anthropologie, Religionen und Darstellende Kunst der Universtität La Sapienza in Rom tätig.

Buchbeschreibungen (englisch)
The Shamaness in Asia. Gender, Religion and the State. 

This book concentrates on female shamanisms in Asia and their relationship with the state and other religions, offering a perspective on gender and shamanism that has often been neglected in previous accounts. An international range of contributors cover a broad geographical scope, ranging from Siberia to South Asia, and Iran to Japan. Several key themes are considered, including the role of bureaucratic established religions in integrating, challenging and fighting shamanic practices, the position of women within shamaniccomplexes, and perceptions of the body,. Beginning with a chapter that places the shamaness at the centre of the discussion, chapters then approach these issues in a variety of ways, from historically informed accounts, to presenting the findings of extensive ethnographic research by the authors themselves. Offering an important counterbalance to male dominated accounts of shamanism, this book will be of great interest to scholars of Indigenous Peoples across Religious Studies, Anthropology, Asian Studies, and Gender Studies.

 

Dealing with Disasters: Perspectives from Eco-Cosmologies.

Providing a fresh look at some of the pressing issues of our world today, this collection focuses on experiential and ritualized coping practices in response to a multitude of environmental challenges—cyclones, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, earthquakes, warfare and displacements of peoples and environmental resource exploitation. Eco-cosmological practices conducted by skilled healing practitioners utilize knowledge embedded in the cosmological grounding of place and experiences of place and the landscapes in which such experience is encapsulated.  A range of geographic case studies are presented in this volume, exploring Asia, Europe, the Pacific, and South America. With special reference throughout to ritual as a mode of seeking the stabilization, renewal, and continuity of life processes, this volume will be of particular interest to readers working in shamanic and healing practices, environmental concerns surrounding sustainability and conservation, ethnomedical systems, and religious and ritual studies.

 


Neue Publikation „The Mulukī Ain of 1854“

Heidelberg University Publishing veröffentlichte vor Kurzem „The Mulukī Ain of 1854 – Nepal’s First Legal Code“ von Rajan Khatiwoda (Nepal Heritage Documentation Project), Simon Cubelic (Documents on the History of Religion and Law of Premoderrn Nepal) und Axel Michaels (Senior Professor und Ehemaliger Leiter der Abteilung Kultur- und Religionsgeschichte Südasiens). Dies ist die erste vollständige Übersetzung des nepalesischen Mulukī Ain von 1854, einem umfassenden Rechtstext, der nicht nur auf den brahmanischen Normen einer hinduistischen Gesellschaft basiert, sondern auch viele Gewohnheitsrechte und lokale Besonderheiten enthält.

Das Buch erscheint im Rahmen der Reihe Documenta Nepalica des Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP), herausgegeben von der Forschungsgruppe „Religions- und Rechtsgeschichte des vormodernen Nepal“ der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften. Es ist auch als Open-Access-PDF-Publikation hier verfügbar: https://heiup.uni-heidelberg.de/heiup/catalog/book/769

Der Mulukī Ain von 1854, das erste Gesetzbuch Nepals, gehört zu den bedeutendsten Werken der modernen nepalesischen Rechtsgeschichte. Vom Staatsaufbau und Gerichtswesen über Tötungs- und Eigentumsdelikte bis hin zu Kasten- und Reinheitsvorschriften werden nahezu alle Aspekte des Straf- und Privatrechts, des öffentlichen, religiösen und Gewohnheitsrechts eingehend behandelt. Dadurch ist der Mulukī Ain nicht nur eine einzigartige Quelle für das politische, gesellschaftliche und wirtschaftliche Leben in Nepal zur Zeit des 19. Jahrhunderts, sondern auch für die Stellung der hinduistischen Jurisprudenz in den Rechtskulturen Südasiens.


Neue Publikationen der Abteilung Geographie

Die Abteilung Geographie des Südasien-Instituts veröffentlichte vor Kurzem neue Publikationen: 

NÜSSER, M., SCHMIDT, S.(2021): Glacier Changes on the Nanga Parbat 1856-2020: A multi-source retrospective analysis. Science of the Total Environment , 147321. PETERSEN, M., BERGMANN, C., RODEN, P., NÜSSER, M., (2021): Contextualizing Land-Use and Land-Cover Change with Local Knowledge: A Case Study from Pokot Central, Kenya. Land Degradation and Development  NÜSSER, M., SCHMIDT, S. (2021): Megaprojekte zur Transformation fluvialer Systeme im Himalaya. Geographische Rundschau 73 (4): 18–21. BROMBIERSTÄUDL, D., SCHMIDT, S., NÜSSER, M. (2021): Distribution and relevance of aufeis (icing) in the Upper Indus Basin. In: Science of The Total Environment 780.

 

NÜSSER, M., SCHMIDT, S. (2021): Megaprojekte zur Transformation fluvialer Systeme im Himalaya. Geographische Rundschau 73 (4): 18–21.

Link zur Webseite:

https://www.westermann.de/anlage/4629093/Megaprojekte-zur-Transformation-fluvialer-Systeme-im-Himalaya

Abstract:

Der Himalaya und angrenzende Hochgebirgsregionen gelten als kontinentale Wassertürme für die umgebenden Tiefländer Süd- und Zentralasiens. Der Wasserhaushalt wird neben den Veränderungen der Kryosphäre im Zuge des Klimawandels auch durch massive wasserbauliche Eingriffe zur Energieerzeugung beeinflusst. Abgesehen von den weitreichenden ökologischen und sozialen Folgen dieser Hydro-Infrastrukturen werden zwischenstaatliche Wasserverteilungskonflikte immer deutlicher.

 

NÜSSER, M., SCHMIDT, S. (2021): Glacier Changes on the Nanga Parbat 1856-2020: A multi-source retrospective analysis. Science of the Total Environment, 147321.

Link zur Publikation: doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147321

Abstract:

Contemporary changes in the Himalayan cryosphere are an important concern in the global climate change debate. In this context, the glaciers of the Upper Indus Basin (UIB) deserve special attention because of their importance for freshwater supply in the mountain valleys and the adjoining lowlands. However, detailed long-term glacier monitoring studies are rare due to the lack of historical data with adequate spatial and temporal resolution. In the case of Nanga Parbat, the ample availability of historical maps and terrestrial photographs together with satellite imagery and digital elevation models make it possible to analyse and quantify glacier changes for the period between 1856 and 2020. Using diverse multi-temporal datasets, this study reveals slight changes in ice-covered area for 63 glaciers, which decreased by 7% between 1934 and 2019. A detailed analysis of five glaciers in the Rupal Valley over the period 1856–2020 identifies diverse response patterns and highlights the importance of ice and snow avalanches, surge-type instabilities and site-specific topographic particularities for individual glacier changes. The results show high similarity with the stable glacier mass in the Karakoram. This study demonstrates the advantages of combining multiple sources and types of data in order to achieve consilience and offer robust insights.

 

PETERSEN, M., BERGMANN, C., RODEN, P., NÜSSER, M., (2021): Contextualizing Land-Use and Land-Cover Change with Local Knowledge: A Case Study from Pokot Central, Kenya. Land Degradation and Development

Link zur Publikation: doi:10.1002/ldr.3961

Link zur Webseite: https://www.sai.uni-heidelberg.de/geo/forschung/charcoaldfg.php

Abstract:

Rural communities in the drylands of sub‐Saharan Africa (SSA) derive their livelihoods primarily from their natural resource base. Unprecedented changes in these environments over the past few decades are likely to intensify in the future and land users need to develop sustainable adaptation strategies. This study aims to identify land‐use and land‐cover (LULC) changes and their drivers in a sub‐Saharan dryland, between 1986 and 2017, by integrating local knowledge and remote sensing. Local knowledge and environmental perception are used as the basis for defining LULC classes and for training and validation of change detection. This study detects significant LULC changes in 41 % of the investigated area, and identifies bush encroachment into former pastures as the dominant LULC change with an increase of woodland by 39 % and a decrease of grassland by 74 %. This process is perceived as severe degradation by local respondents and is linked to changing management regimes and unreliable rainfall patterns. Deforestation and woodland thinning account for 44 % of the detected changes, and can be traced back to increased habitation and farming, although the local community also identifies charcoal production as a driving factor. The integration of remote sensing and local knowledge provides a holistic view on LULC change in Pokot Central, Kenya, and offers a solid base for site‐specific and actor‐centred management approaches necessary for sustainable pathways of drylands. Our results emphasise the need to include local actors in the development of adaptation strategies and management guidelines for drylands.

 

BROMBIERSTÄUDL, D., SCHMIDT, S., NÜSSER, M. (2021): Distribution and relevance of aufeis (icing) in the Upper Indus Basin. In: Science of The Total Environment 780.

Link zur Publikation: doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146604

Link zur Webseite:

https://www.sai.uni-heidelberg.de/geo/forschung/aufeisdfg.php

Abstract:

In the semi-arid high mountains of the Upper Indus Basin (UIB), meltwater supply from the cryosphere is vital for irrigated agriculture and hydropower generation. An overlooked cryosphere component that is critical for this is aufeis, which appears as a sheet-like formation of ice layers, created by successive and laminated freezing of flowing water. This study aims to redress the lack of knowledge about this phenomenon by creating an inventory of aufeis fields for the UIB and analysing their spatial distribution, including the role of topographical parameters such as altitude, slope, and aspect. The study is based on a time-series analysis using Landsat imagery from 2010 to 2020, supported and validated by several field campaigns carried out between 2014 and 2020. In total, more than 3700 aufeis fields were detected covering an area of about 298 ± 38 km2. The spatial distribution of their occurrence indicates a distinct elevation range between 4000 and 5500 m a.s.l. and is marked by a pronounced longitudinal increase to the east. In contrast to the western part of the UIB (Gilgit-Baltistan), where only some few and small aufeis fields can be detected, 65% of the aufeis covered areas (195 ± 23 km2) exist on the Tibetan Plateau. Our database fills an important research gap and will help in further cryosphere studies in the UIB and beyond.

 


Neue Publikation von Himanshu Jha

Dr. Himanshu Jha´s Artikel mit dem Titel "RTI as a case of Institutional Change” wurde kürzlich im Jindal Journal of Public Policy (JJPP) veröffentlicht, welches von der Jindal School of Government and Public Policy der O.P. Jindal Global University herausgegeben wird. Der Artikel ist eine überarbeitete Version von Dr. Jha’s Vortrag 2017 an der O.P. Jindal Global University und wird in seinem kürzlich veröffentlichten Buch weiter ausgeführt. Der Artikel kann hier abgerufen werden.

Artikel zu “Capturing Institutional Change: Bringing Back Ideas and the State” in aktueller India in Transition (IiT) von Center for the Advanced Study of India (CASI), University of Pennsylvania: hier

 



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