Die Zeitschrift Indian Journal of Human Development veröffentlichte kürzlich einen Artikel von Prof. Rahul Mukherji, Hossein Zarhani und K. Raju mit dem Titel "State Capacity and Welfare Politics in India: Implementing the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme in Undivided Andhra Pradesh". Weitere Informationen sind hier verfügbar.
This article argues that the Indian state can develop the capacity to deliver economic rights in a citizen-friendly way, despite serious challenges posed by patronage politics and clientelism. Clientelistic politics reveals why the Indian state fails to deliver the basic rights such as the right to work, health and education. We argue that the ability of the state to deliver owes a lot to bureaucratic puzzling and political powering over developmental ideas in a path-dependent way. We combine powering and puzzling within the state to argue the case for how these ideas tip after they have gained a fair amount of traction within the state. We test the powering and puzzling leading to a tipping point model on the implementation of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) in undivided Andhra Pradesh (AP). How and why did undivided AP develop the capacity to make reach employment to the rural poor, when many other states failed to implement the right to work in India?
Heidelberg University Publishing hat vor Kurzem das Buch „Entre mers - Outre-mer: Spaces, Modes and Agents of Indo-Mediterranean Connectivity“ veröffentlicht, welches von Nikolas Jaspert und Sebastian Kolditz herausgegeben wurde. Die Publikation umfasst eine Sammlung von zwölf Aufsätzen zum Thema transmariner Verbindungen, ihrer Regulierung und mentalen Ausweitung in einem indo-mediterranen Kontext. Prof. Gita Dharampal-Frick (ehemalige Leiterin der Abteilung Geschichte des SAI) ist mit ihrem Artikel „Transcultural Networks: From the Red Sea to the South China Sea, 1000–1800. Continuities and Transformations“ vertreten.
In focusing on transcultural networks of the Indo-Mediterranean, this paper aims to provide insights into the cultural and economic genealogies of globalisation as well as into the divergent ancestries of its social geographies. Its methodological objective is to examine the extensive Indian,Southeast Asian, Arab and Chinese interaction in the littoral regions of Malabar,the Bay of Bengal, the Indonesian Archipelago and the South China Seas in the medieval and early modern period. Thereby, rather than underscoring the significance of merely economic factors implicated in this maritime connectivity, other relevant (and hitherto largely neglected) aspects will be discussed, namely the enactment of political sovereignty (as a layered and shared concept), the crucial significance of resilient networks (defined by mercantile, cultural and social factors) as well as of widespread dynamic diasporic communities (of Chinese, Southeast Asians, Indians, Persians and Arabs), and last but not least, the flow and exchange of ‘cargoes’ (including both commodities and intellectual ideas). In doing so, an attempt will be made to ascertain the continuities and transformations (subsequent to the entry of European companies) in the pelagic patchwork quilt of the Eastern Indian Ocean until the beginning of the 19th century.
Eine neue Ausgabe der Serie South Asia Institute Papers (SAIP) wurde veröffentlicht. Die Veröffentlichung enthält Prof. Dr. Rahul Mukherjis Vortrag mit dem Titel „Governing India: What do we know and need to know?“, welchen er in seiner Antrittsvorlesung in der Alten Aula der Universität Heidelberg am 15. November 2017 hielt. Das PDF ist hier verfügbar.
Bei Routledge ist kürzlich das Buch „Governance and Development in India - A Comparative Study on Andhra Pradesh and Bihar after Liberalization“ von Dr. Seyed Hossein Zarhani (Abteilung Politische Wissenschaft, SAI) erschienen. Das Buch wurde in der Serie „Routledge Advances in South Asian Studies“ herausgegeben. Weitere Informationen erhalten Sie hier.
Beschreibung des Buchs (auf Englisch):
The study of the political economy of development in India is significant as India has emerged as one of the fastest-growing countries during the last three decades and the rate of economic growth and poverty reduction have not been matched in India’s subnational states. Although the Union Government has introduced and implemented several economic reforms since 1991 to enhance the economic development, the results of implantation have varied.
Governance and Development in India compares two Indian subnational states, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. The book does not consider the state as an aggregate entity; rather, it disaggregates the state relationally and spatially. Concentrating on the micro-institutional variables and the role of regional elites, the author investigates the political roots of the divergence of development trajectories among India’s subnational states since liberalization, as an essential aspect of the political economy of development in India. The book explores the black box of the multi-layered state of India and interactions among the Central Government, the states, regional leaders and other stakeholders and explains why the regional leaders have pursued divergent economic strategies using the analytical narrative research method and the subnational comparative research method.
Firmly based on the theoretical foundations of the neo-institutional rational choice model of governance, polycentric hierarchy theory and the strategies for regional elite strategy analysis, combined with empirical research, this book is a valuable contribution to the fields of comparative political economy, state politics in India, governance and development in developing countries, and South Asian comparative politics.
South Asia, with its burgeoning, ethnically diverse population, soaring economies, and nuclear weapons, is an increasingly important region in the global context. The series, which builds on this complex, dynamic and volatile area, features innovative and original research on the region as a whole or on the countries. Its scope extends to scholarly works drawing on history, politics, development studies, sociology and economics of individual countries from the region as well those that take an interdisciplinary and comparative approach to the area as a whole or to a comparison of two or more countries from this region. In terms of theory and method, rather than basing itself on any one orthodoxy, the series draws broadly on the insights germane to area studies, as well as the tool kit of the social sciences in general, emphasizing comparison, the analysis of the structure and processes, and the application of qualitative and quantitative methods. The series welcomes submissions from established authors in the field as well as from young authors who have recently completed their doctoral dissertations.
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