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Artikel von Prof. Rahul Mukherji, Dr. Himanshu Jha und Dr. M. N. Roy in Indian Politics & Policy

In der neuesten Ausgabe des Indian Politics & Policy Journal wurde ein gemeinsamer Artikel von Prof. Rahul Mukherji, Dr. Himanshu Jha und Dr. M. N. Roy zum Thema „Ideas and Policy Paradigms: Explaining the Fall of Welfare Politics in West Bengal“ veröffentlicht. Ebenso findet sich darin ein Review Artikel von Dr. Himanshu Jha zum Thema "Explaining Institutional Change in India’s Welfare Regime". Die Artikel können hier gelesen werden.


Neue Publikation "Including the Excluded in South Asia" mit Kapitel von Dr. Himanshu Jha

Springer (Singapore) veröffentlichte vor Kurzem das Buch "Including the Excluded in South Asia" von Madhushree Sekher und Radu Carciumaru. Dr. Himanshu Jha (Abteilung für Politische Wissenschaft Südasiens, SAI) veröffentlichte darin ein Kapitel mit dem Titel "Emerging Politics of Accountability: Sub-national Reflections from Bihar". Das Kapitel ist hier verfügbar.

Abstract:

Since 2004 state has reaffirmed its commitment towards ‘rights-based development’ that granted legal rights to the citizens by enacting laws, such as Right to Information (transparency and accountability), National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (right to food and work), Right to Education and Forest Rights Act (for the tribal citizens living in the forest areas). It can be argued that there is fundamental change in the welfare regime in India in terms of redefining the citizenship-state linkages on at least four counts. First, the Supreme Court rulings and interpretation of constitution in new ways have resulted in crossovers between directive principles and fundamental rights, the former non-justiciable had now become justiciable. Secondly, the legality of the rights has changed the concept of welfare from an ‘end user’ or ‘beneficiary perspective’ to citizens with legal rights. Thirdly, welfare is now legally enforceable and demandable with a well worked out legal system (targeted goals versus due focus on elaborately worked out means and processes), focusing on equity, non-discrimination, transparency, accountability and participation (core of rights-based development). Hence, the citizens can now demand rights and accountability from the state. Fourthly, the programmatic framework of ‘welfare’ can be withdrawn but the legally supported welfare regime cannot be withdrawn. On these accounts, the changed welfare regime is expected to have a direct impact on the inclusion of the excluded. Relevant questions need to be raised, such as: who uses these rights, how do they use it and what form do these legislations take when they hit the ground-level implementation? In this context, this chapter studies the implementation of Right to Information Act (RTIA) in Bihar, a state in eastern India, to examine the progression and deepening of institutional change.

 


Neuer Artikel über "Cryosphere-Fed Irrigation Networks in the Northwestern Himalaya" von Prof. Dr. Marcus Nüsser et al. erschienen

Die Zeitschrift Mountain Research and Development (Vol. 39, no. 2) veröffentlichte vor Kurzem den Artikel „Cryosphere-Fed Irrigation Networks in the Northwestern Himalaya: Precarious Livelihoods and Adaptation Strategies Under the Impact of Climate Change“, welcher gemeinsam von Prof. Dr. Marcus Nüsser (Leiter der Abteilung Geographie, SAI), Dr. Juliane Dame, Dr. Ravi Baghel, Dr. Susanne Schmidt (Abteilung Geographie, SAI), Dr. Sitara Parveen und Benjamin Kraus verfasst wurde. Der Artikel ist hier (Open Access) verfügbar.

Abstract

Irrigated agriculture is crucial for the livelihood security of mountain communities in the northwestern part of the Himalayan arc and adjoining regions of the Karakoram Hindu Kush and Trans-Himalaya. Using meltwater from glaciers, snow, and permafrost, mountain dwellers have developed sophisticated techniques to cope with recurrent water scarcity caused by glacier retreat, glacier thinning, and seasonal snow-cover dynamics. Based on case studies from the Nanga Parbat region, Hunza-Karakoram, and Ladakh, this paper seeks to identify general patterns and site-specific characteristics of agrarian practices and adaptation strategies in the face of climate change. The comparative case study approach reveals differing responses to water scarcity, which depend on local conditions and include the construction of new irrigation channels, installation of pipes, and building of artificial ice reservoirs. The biophysical investigation is supplemented by an exploration of socioeconomic factors and is based on long-term research in the 3 study areas. The methods used include multitemporal remote sensing analysis, mapping of natural water storage components and irrigation infrastructure, and interviews. Taking into consideration social factors such as the expansion of off-farm income opportunities and market integration, we identify key variables that affect the sustainability and resilience of land use systems. Outcomes are diverse, ranging from the intensification and extension of irrigated mountain agriculture to the abandonment of irrigated areas, depending on local sociohydrological settings.


Neuer Artikel von Dr. Himanshu Jha und Prof. Sumit Ganguly

Washington Quarterly veröffentlichte vor Kurzem den Artikel „The BJP’s Puzzling Victory: Was It about Hindu Nationalism?“ von Dr. Himanshu Jha (Abteilung Politikwissenschaft, SAI) und Prof. Sumit Ganguly (Professor der Politikwissenschaft, Rabindranath Tagore Chair of Indian Cultures and Civilizations, Indiana University, Bloomington). Im Artikel wird der durchschlagende Sieg der BJP und die Folgen für die indische Außenpolitik erklärt. Der Artikel kann hier oder hier nachgelesen werden.



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