Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg

Geschichte Südasiens


Index - Zeitungsarchiv


External Affairs /\ - /\ \/

1. General foreign policy of the Indian Government

2. India's participation in international organisations and conferences (also: South- South relations, SARC)

3. Special relations with:

(a) Pakistan

(aa) Kashmir conflict

(ab) Refugees from Pakistan and Bangla Desh

(ac) Bangla Desh

(b) Arab and other Islamic countries

(ba) Iran

(bb) Afghanistan

(c) Israel

(d) Sri Lanka (Ceylon)

(e) China

(ea) Tibet/Tibetans in India

(f) Himalayan countries and Burma

(g) Eastern Block

(ga) Soviet Union

(h) West Germany (Federal Republic)

(ha) East Germany (GDR)

(hb) Indian comments on German affairs

(i) Commonwealth as a whole

(j) United Kingdom

(k) Other white Commonwealth countries (e.g. Australia)

(l) Black Africa

(la) Indians in East Africa (up to 1976)

(m) South Africa

(n) Other countries

(o) Third world: Policy of non- alignment

(p) U.S.A.

(q) Scandinavia: Sweden, Norway, Dennmark, Finnland, Island

(r) Japan

(s) France

(t) Vietnam, Cambodia (Kampuchea), Laos

(u) ASEAN- States: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapur, Thailand

(v) European Economic Conimunity (Common Market)

(w) OPEC, OAPEC (vide Cl)

4. Foreign cultural and other institutions in India (also: embassies)

5. Indian diplomatic missions and other Indian institutions abroad

6. Indian Ocean

7. Espionage


Home Politics /\ - /\ \/

General trends, political atmosphere, nation building

1. Central Government

(a) President, Governers, President's Rule

(b) Central Government, general policy, Prime Minister

(c) Administration, All- India Services (IAS etc.) (vide F7)

2. The Parliament and the State Assemblies

(a) Central Elections

(b) State Elections (also: municipal) [2a/2b separated since April 1985]

3. Indian States

(a) Centre- State relations and inter- State relations

(aa) Boundary and water disputes

(b) "National integration"

(c) Andhra Pradesh

(ca) Telengana (up to 1973)

(d) Assam

(e) Bihar

(f) Gujarat

(g) Haryana

(h) Jammu and Kashmir

(i) Kerala

(j) Madhya Pradesh

(k) Tamilnadu

(l) Maharashtra, Bombay

(m) Meghalaya

(n) Karnataka (Mysore)

(o) Nagaland

(p) Orissa

(q) Punjab

(r) Rajasthan

(s) Uttar Pradesh

(t) West Bengal

(u) Himachal Pradesh

(v) Manipur

(w) Tripura

(x) Sikkim (since 1975)

4. Centrally administered areas – since 1985, earlier under separate headings:

(a) Andaman & Nicobar Islands

(b) Dadra & Nagar Haveli

(c) Delhi

(d) Goa Daman, Diu

(e) Chandigarh

(f) Laccadive, Minicoy, Amindivi

(g) Mizoram (Mizo Hills)

(h) Arunachal Pradesh (NEFA)

(i) Pondichery

(j) North East Council

5. Municipalities

6. Panchayati Raj (including Block- , Samiti- , Zilla Parishad)

7. Constitution

(a) Working of Democracy

(b) Enquiry Commissions


Economics /\ - /\ \/

C General Economic Trends (also: GNP)

1. Foreign Trade

(a) Development aid (also: IMF, World Bank)

(b) Joint ventures (Co- operation with foreign firms)

(c) Currency

2. Economic policy of the Indian Government (also: budget)

(a) Public Sector (since 1985, earlier in separate boxes:)

(aa) Steel

(ab) Aircraft

(ac) Shipyards

(b) Five- year plans

(c) Tax policy

(d) Price policy and price development

(e) Nationalisation

(ea) General Insurances

(f) Criticism

3. Private Sector

4. Agriculture – since 1985, earlier in separate boxes:1

(a) Cottage industries

(b) Land reforms

(c) Food control

(d) Food problems

(da) Green revolution

(e) Water supply

5. Banks

(a) nationalised banks (up to 1985)

6. Raw materials and minerals

7. Power (energy)

8. Forest and wild life, deforestation

9. Sea, Fishery

10. Internal trade, market

11. Industry


Education /\ - /\ \/

D General educational policy

1. Elementary schools, literacy, adult education

2. Secondary schools

3. Universities, Colleges

(a) Student unrest

4. Traditional education (= Sanskrit, Vedic Studies, Muslim education)

5. Language policies

6. Teachers

7. Science, research, research institutes (also: scientists, vocational training)

(a) Space research

(b) Nuclear research


Religion /\ - /\ \/

E Religion and religions in general

1. Hinduism (general)

(a) Neo- Hinduism

(b) Sanatana Dharma

(c) Saints and ashramas

(d) Places of pilgrimage, temples

(e) The Shankaracharyas

(f) Sects

(g) Yoga

(h) Cow- question

(i) Religious festivals

(j) "Religious export" to the West (Guru cult)

2. India-born religions

(a) Buddhism

(b) Jainism

(c) Sikhism (vide S3q, G1)

3. Others

(a) Islam, Muslims

(b) Christians

(c) Parsis

4. Astrology

5. Religion and the state, secularism

6. Communal riots


Society /\ - /\ \/

F 1. Caste system

(a) Scheduled Castes and Tribes, reservation

2. Tribals

3. Marwaris (vide F2)

4. Agricultural population (vide C4)

(a) Kisan movement

5. Women

(a) Adoption of children

(b) Dowry

6. Industrial workers

(a) Trade unions

7. Government employees (Civil servants, police) (vide B1c)

8. Population statistics, demography, Census

9. Unemployment, underemployment

10. Strikes

(a) Demonstration, riots

11. Urbanisation

(a) Rents

(b) Pollution of environment

(c) Urban ceiling

(d) Low- income housing programmes

(e) Beggars, slums, slum clearance

12. Welfare measures, social insurance, social and religious reforms

13. Minorities (vide E3)

14. Corruption

15. Crime and terrorism


Political Parties And Political Groupings /\ - /\ \/

G General

1. Akali Dal

2. Bangla Congress (up to 1974)

3. Bharatiya Kranti Dal (up to 1974)

4. Communist Parties

(a) CPI

(b) CPI (M)

(c) CPI (M- L) or Naxalites

5. Congress (since 1985, earlier in separate boxes:)

(a) Congress (S)

(c) Congress (I)

6. DMK (also: AIADMK)

7. All India Forward Block

8. Hindu Mahasabha

9. Bharatiya Jana Sangha

(a) RSS

(b) National democratic Jan Sangh (up to 1974)

10. Muslim League

11. Republican Party of India

12. Revolutionary Socialist Party

13. Samyukta Socialist Party (up to 1974)

14. Swatantra Party

15. Others, Jan Morcha

16. SVD

17. PSP (up to 1976)

8. Awami Tanzeem

19. Telengana Peja Samithi

20. Shiv Sena

21. Sarvodaya movements, Jaya Prakash, Narayana, Vinoba Bhave

22. Arya Sabha

23. Democratic Socialist Party and socialist parties

24. Bharatiya Lok Dal

25. Janata Party

26. Congress for Democracy (up to 1979)

27. Bharatiya Janata Party


Cultural Life /\ - /\ \/

H Cultural Life in general

1. Writers, literature

2. Theatre, Folk- theatre

3. Music

4. Dance

5. Film

(a) Obscenity in films

6. Art

7. Architecture


Transport /\ - /\ \/

I Transport Policy

1. Railways

2. Roads and urban traffic

3. Air

4. Sea

5. Tourism

6. Water (canals)

7. Post, telephone, telegraph, OCS


Military /\ - /\ \/

J Military in general

1. Army

2. Navy

3. Air Force

4. Nuclear weapons


History /\ - /\ \/

K History in general (including history since 1947)

1. Antiquity (vide H6)

(a) Archaeology (vide H7)

2. Muslim period

3. British period and freedom struggle

(a) Gandhi

(b) Others

(c) Subhash Chandra Bose ("Netaji")


Health /\ - /\ \/

L Health policy

1. Diseases and their control

2. Birth control, family planning, abortion

3. Health institutions (hospitals etc.)

4. Medicines and drugs

5. Ayurvedic medicine, Siddha, Homeopathy, Yoga for medical purposes

6. Nutrition, famine, drought

7. Climatology

8. Prohibition

9. Rehabilitation of handicapped persons


Law And Legal Questions /\ - /\ \/

M Law in general

1. Administration of justice, legal profession, courts procedure, panchayat courts

2. Constitutional and administrative law (fundamental rights, preventive detention)

3. Personal law (Hindu law, Muslim law, Tribal laws and customs etc.)


Sports /\ - /\ \/


Massmedia; Communication /\ - /\ \/

O General

1. Press

2. Radio and television


Portraits /\

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