Semi-arid areas in transition:
Livelihood security, socio-ecological variability and the role of development interventions in East Africa (SAAT I)
Principal Investigator / Recipient of grant:
- Dr. Boniface Kiteme - Director of Center for Training and Integrated Research in Arid and Semi-arid Lands Development (CETRAD), Nanyuki (Kenia)
Dr. Chinwe Ifejika Speranza - Center for Training and Integrated Research in Arid and Semi-arid Lands Development (CETRAD), Nanyuki (Kenia)
Prof. Dr. Elias Ayiemba - University of Nairobi, Department of Geography (Kenia)
Prof. Dr. Francis K. Lelo - Egerton University Nakuru, Faculty of Environmental Studies and Natural Resources, Njoro (Kenia)
Prof. Dr. Zebedayo S.K. Mvena - Sokoine University of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Morogoro (Tansania)
Prof. Dr. James Ngana - University of Dar es Salaam, Institute of Resource Assessment (Tansania)
Dr. Davis Mwamfupe - University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Geography (Tansania)
Prof. Dr. Urs Wiesmann - Universität Bern, Geographisches Institut, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)(Schweiz)
Funding: Volkswagen Foundation
The project dealt with livelihood strategies in semi-arid regions of East Africa
that are exposed to global climatic change and undergo rapid transition due to migration, changing access-regimes,
resource use conflicts, increasing relevance of centre-periphery asymmetries, and limitations in governance.
It comprised two subprojects: The first focused on vulnerability, resilience and adaptation processes of rural
poor under these dynamic conditions. Special emphasis was thereby put on the importance of multi-strategies
including their multi-locality and on aspects of gender and generational divides in a livelihood perspective.
Building on these insights, the second subproject examined the role of development
interventions from a livelihood perspective and identified structural and procedural properties important in approaches to
reduce poverty and enhance the resilience and adaptive capacities of the rural poor. The project was based on case studies in
four regions of Kenya (Kibwezi/Makueni Corridor and Laikipia Region) and Tanzania (Dodoma/Singida Corridor and Pangani Region)
and applied a comparative approach.
Collection of charcoal in Laikipia (M. Nüsser 2009).