Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
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Contributions to South Asian Studies

NOs 51 - 100

South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University

Stuttgart: Steiner
ISSN 0170-3137
Abbreviation: BSAF

51 Die Problematik regionaler Entwicklungsunterschiede in Entwicklungsländern  : eine theoretische und empirische Analyse, dargestellt am Beispiel Pakistans unter Verwendung der Hauptkomponentenmethode [Problems of regional differences of development in developing countries : a theoretical and empirical analysis, taking Pakistan as an example, applying the principal components method] / von [by] Wolfgang-Peter Zingel. - 1979. XIV, 554 p.

ISBN 3-515-03002-6

42 Tabellen im Text [tables in the text], Anhang : Zur Problematik der Bestimmung der regionalen Entwickungsindikatoren in Pakistan , 4 Tabellen [appendix : On problems of defining indicators of regional development in Pakistan, 4 tables], Literaturverzeichnis und ausgewählte Bibliographie [select bibliography] pp. 525-550, English summary pp. 551-554.

This is another study on the interrelationship between national economic growth and the regional allocation of resources (cf. BSAF 42), written by one of the authors of vol. 6 mentioned above. While vol. 42 was devoted to the East-West dichotomy in Pakistan (1947 to 1970), this volume takes up the problem arising from striking disparities within former West Pakistan (before and after 1971). In order to obtain a more precise picture of the regional structure, the author calculated six indices of economic growth by means of the first principal components method and defined 57 different regions (cf. BSAF 6, 42, 45, 67).

52 Viêt-Nam  : die nationalistische und marxistische Ideologie im Spätwerk von Phan-Bôi-Châu (1867-1940) [Viêt-Nam : the nationalist and Marxist ideology in the later writings of Phan-Bôi-Châu (1867-1940)] / von [by] Jörgen Unselt. - 1980. XIII, 304 p. ISBN 3-515-03133-2

Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 279-295 : Literaturverzeichnis in Vietnamesisch [bibliography in Vietnamese] pp. 280-283 , Literatur in westlichen Sprachen [literature in western languages] pp. 284-295, Personen- und Sachregister [index of names and subjects matters] pp. 296-301, English summary pp. 302-304.

This is a study of the nationalist and Marxist elements in the later writings of Phan-Bôi-Châu (1867-1940), scholar, social philosopher and revolutionary leader in French Indochina. The author bases his analysis on documents from French colonial archives and on the original Vietnamese writings of PhanBôi-Châu.

53 Auswirkungen der Nahrungsmittelhilfe unter P. L. 480 auf den Agrarsektor der Entwickungsländer  : dargestellt am Beispiel Indiens [Results of food aid under P. L. 480 on the agricultural sector in India : the Indian example / von [by] Joachim von Plocki . - 1979. [17] 240 p. ISBN 3-515-03144-8

VI Anhänge [appendices], Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography], pp. 233-237, English summary pp. 238-240.

American food aid to developing countries has sometimes been suspected of producing negative long-term effects by acting as a disincentive to indigenous production. In this case-study of India, which received the highest P.L. 480 shipments in the past, it is argued that, for the period reviewed (1952 to 1968), each additional unit imported entailed a loss of domestic production of 0.14857 units. The author based his thesis on an econometric model developed by him and designed to overcome the insufficiencies of earlier calculations.

Anhang [Appendix] I : Ableitungen zum Modell von Fisher [Derivations of Fisher's model], pp. 223-224.

Anhang [Appendix] II : Ableitungen zum Modell von Seevers [Derivations of Seevers's model], p. 225.

Anhang [Appendix] III : Das Modell Blandford/v. Plocki : Die verwendeten Daten der Schätzperiode [The Blandford/v. Plocki model : The data of the period under estimation], pp. 226-227.

Anhang [Appendix] IV : Das Modell Blandford/v. Plocki : Quellenangaben zu den verwendeten Daten [The Blandford/v. Plocki model : Source material for the data used], pp. 228-230.

Anhang [Appendix] V : Das Modell Blandford/v. Plocki [The Blandford/v. Plocki model] : Die reduzierte Form des Modells [The reduced form of the model], p. 231.

Anhang [Appendix] VI : Die aufgespaltene Koeffizientmatrix (, ) [The breakdown of the coefficient matrix (, )], p. 232.

54 Paschtunwali : ein Ehrenkodex und seine rechtliche Relevanz [Pashtunwali : a code of ethics and its legal relevance] / von [by] Willi Steul. - 1981. XIV, 313 p. ISBN 3-515-03167-7

English summary pp. 308-311, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 296-307, Register [index] pp. 312-313, Karten am Ende des Bande [maps at the back of the volume] : Becken von Khost : Besiedlung [The basin of Khost : Settlement of population], Becken von Khost  : Clanverteilung [The Basin of Khost : Distribution of the clans], Becken von Khost : Nomadenlager [The Basin of Khost : nomadic camps]

Between 1972 and 1977, the author several times visited the Basin of Khost, Paktia Province, Eastern Afghanistan, for field research. He collected 114 reports about conflicts (pp. 192-215, 248-287), and discussed the respective norms of Pashtunwali with members of different clans living in this area as agriculturalists. After a general description of Khost Basin (pp. 1-61) and the political organization of Pashtuns (pp. 62-128), the different concepts of Pashtunwali are discussed in detail (pp. 129-235). In the final chapter, the relation between Pashtuns and the government is discussed with a view to the political developments within Afghanistan. The author concludes that Pashtunwali does not only comprise the regulations of a tribal law, but all the values and norms shaping the behaviour patterns of Pashtuns.

55 The Stpa : its religious, historical and architectural significance / edited by Anna Libera Dallapiccola in collaboration with Stephanie Zingel-Avé Lallemant. - 1980. VII, 359, [103] p. ISBN 3-515-02979-6

Bibliography pp. 329-343, index of graographical names, persons, gods and monuments pp. 344-351, list of photographs pp. 352-359, 1 folding map, 162 photographs.

In July 1978, the South Asia Institute arranged an international symposium on the Stpa which evoked a great deal of interest among historians of art, Indologists, Sinologists, and scholars interested in South East Asia. This volume of the proceedings of the symposium includes the following contributions:

Brijinder Nath Goswamy : Introductory speech : The stpa : some uninformed questions about terminological equivalents pp. 1-9, figures pp. 10-11.

John Irwin : The axial symbolism of the early stpa : an exegesis pp. 12-38, figures pp. 37-38.

Heinrich Gerhard Franz : Stpa and stpa-temple in the Gandhran regions and in Central Asia pp. 39-58, figures pp. 53-58.

George Michell : Pilastered walls on Indian stpas and temples pp. 59-71, figures pp. 68-71.

Gritli von Mitterwallner : Two stpa basements of Mathur of the 4th and 5th centuries A.D. pp. 72-89, figures pp. 88-89.

Klaus Fischer : Hidden symbolism in stpa-railing reliefs : coincidentia oppositorum of Mra and Kma pp. 90-99, figures pp. 97-99.

Gouriswar Bhattacharya : Stpa as Maitreya's emblem pp. 100-111.

Elisabeth S. Rosen : Buddhist architecture and lay patronage at Ngrjunakoa pp. 112-126, figures pp. 124-126.

Jan Pieper : Stpa architecture of the Upper Indus Valley : Some observations on the building types and the spatial significance of the Ladakhi mChod-rten pp. 127-136, figures pp. 132-136.

Niels Gutschow : The urban context of the stpa in Bhaktapur/Nepal pp. 137 to 146, figures pp. 144-146.

Frank Raymond Allchin : A note on the 'Asokan' stpas of Pan pp. 147-156, fig. p. 156.

Mary Shepherd Slusser : Nepalese Caityas as mirrors of medieaval architecture pp. 157-165.

Ulrich Wiesner : Nepalese votive stpas of the Licchavi period : the empty niche pp. 166-174.

Philip Denwood : Stpas of the Tibetan Bonpos pp. 175-183, figs. p. 182.

Gustav Roth : Symbolism of the Buddhist stpa : according to the Tibetan version of the Caitya-vibhga-vinayodbhva-stra, the Sanskrit treatise Stpa-lakaa-krik-vivecana, and a corresponding passage in Kuladatta's Kriysagraha pp.183-209, figs. pp. 208, 209.

Julian Sherrier : Iconography of the Mahparinirva pp. 210-218, fig. p. 218.

Jorinde Ebert : Parinirva and Stpa : Was the 'Stpa' only a "Symbolical" Depiction of the 'Parinirva'? pp. 219-228, figs. pp. 227, 228.

Hans-Joachim Klimkeit : Stpa and Parinirva as Manichaean motifs pp. 229 to 237.

Lothar Ledderose : Prototypes of the pagoda pp. 238-248, figs. pp. 246-248.

Dietrich Seckel : Stpa elements surviving in East Asian pagodas pp. 249-259, figs. pp. 257-259.

Adalbert Gail : Cosmical symbolism in the spire of the Ceylon dagoba pp. 260-266, fig. p. 266.

Hans Ruelius : The stpa of the ilpastras and the rituals of the Sinhalese pp. 267-276, figs. pp. 275-276.

Johanna Engelberta van Lohuizen-de Leeuw : The stpa in Indonesia pp. 277 to 300, figs. pp. 294-300.

Lokesh Chandra : Borobudur : A new interpretation pp. 301-319.

J[ohanna] E[ngelberta] van Lohuizen-de Leeuw : Farewell speech and vote of thanks on Friday, July 7th, 1978 pp. 320-321.

Biodata of the authors pp. 322-325.

Addresses of the participants of the seminar pp. 326-328.

Index of the works cited pp. 329-343.

Index of geographical names, persons, gods and monuments pp. 344-351.

List of photographs pp. 352-359.

56 Faktorproportionen, internationale Arbeitsteilung und Aussenhandelspolitik : eine theoretische und empirische Analyse unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Singapur, Westmalaysia und Pakistan [Factor proportions, the international division of labour and foreign trade policy] / von [by] Norbert Wagner. - 1980. XV, 333 p. ISBN 3-515-03300-9

Anhang [appendix] I : Signifikanzniveau und t-Test [level of significance], pp. 294-295, Anhang [appendix] II : Äquivalenz von Import- und Exportzoll [The equivalent of import and export duties], p. 296, Anhang [appendix] III : Modellannahmen [model assumptions], p. 297-299, Anhang [appendix] IV : 11 Tabellen [tables], pp. [300]-310, Anhang [appendix] V : 11 Tabellen und Abbildungen [11 tables and graphs], pp. 311-315, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography], pp. 316-327, English summary, pp. 328-333.

The traditional theory of international trade as formulated by Heckscher and Ohlin, and particularly the factor proportions theorem which purports to explain the "division of labour" among industrial nations and developing countries have of late been severely criticised. The author examines this theorem on the basis of statistical material from three countries with widely differing trade policies - Singapore, West Malaysia and Pakistan - and argues that the theorem appears to be valid for Singapore and West Malaysia, whereas the empirical test is much less convincing as far as Pakistan is concerned.

57 Jyotia : das System der indischen Astrologie [Jyotia : the sytem of Indian astrology] / von [by] Hans-Georg Türstig. - 1980. XVIII, 343 p.

ISBN 3-515-03283-5

Glossar [glossary], pp. 295-325, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 336 to 342, Sternkarten [astral maps] pp. 343-[348], English summary [p. 349], 2 astrological Sanskrit texts [pp. 351-352].

This book deals with the hor-branch of the traditional Indian science of jyotia : with nakatras (or lunar mansions), navagraha (the nine planets), the relations of their aspects, their natural and situational friendship or hostility, with lunar and solar calculations, etc., and, last not least, it contains texts and translations of the relevant passages of two astrological Sanskrit texts, the vidymdhavyam and the srval.

58 Nal Mlamum Kakaittampir Uraiyum / ed. by Ayyadurai Dhamotharan. - 1980. XXVIII, 246 p. ISBN 3-515-03284-3

Nal is a well-known Tamil grammar written in the medieval period by the Jaina saint Pavanati. Though there are several old commentaries, this is the first Kikaiyurai written by Kakaittampir on this text. The commentary which was widely believed to be lost, is published for the first time on the basis of a paper manuscript available at the British Library, London.

59 Britische Indien-Politik, 1926-1932 : Motive, Methoden und Misserfolg imperialer Politik am Vorabend der Dekolonisation [The British policy regarding India, 1926-1932 : motives, methods and failture of the imperial policy on the eve of decolonzation] / von [by] Horst-Joachim Leue. - 1981. XI, 259 p.

ISBN 3-515-03395-5

Anhang [Appendix] I : Der Nehru-Bericht [The Nehru Report] pp. 190-195, Anhang [Appendix] II : Text der "Dominion-Status-Erklärung" Lord Irwins vom 31. Oktober 1929 [Text of the "Dominion Status Declaration" by Lord Irwin of 31st October, 1929] pp. 196-199, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 200-281, Bemerkungen zur Zitierweise [remarks on quotation] p. 282, Quellen und Literatur [sources and literature] pp. 283-291, English summary pp. 292-295.

The author argues that, given the aim of complete independence which was adopted by the majority of Indian nationalists in the late 1920s, British attempts "to keep a contented India within the Empire" were an art of the impossible. British statesmen, however, clung to the policy of appeasement because, after the Irish precedent, the alternative, i.e. costly and long drawnout repression, had become unacceptable in Britain itself. Moreover, wishful thinking, which was characteristic of appeasement, could look upon Gandhi as a partner for compromise since the undisputed leader of "political India" was as flexible in his methods as he proved unyielding in his aims.

60 Städte in Südasien : Geschichte, Gesellschaft, Gestalt [Towns in South Asia : history, society, shape] / hrsg. von [ed. by] Hermann Kulke; Hans Christoph Rieger; Lothar Lutze. - 1982. XVIII, 376, 41 p. ISBN 3-515-03396-3

This volume contains a collection of papers read during a seminar at the South Asia Institute on historical, social, and literary aspects of cities in South Asia, including articles on the concepts of the town as depicted in the Arthashastra, temple cities in the Kathmandu Valley, residential cities in late medieval Orissa and northern India, and on the modern cities of Kanpur, Bombay and Calcutta.

From the table of contents :

Johannes Laping : Aspekte der Stadt im altindischen Staatslehrbuch des Kauilya [Aspects of the town in the Old-Indian textbook on political science by Kauilya] pp. 1-16, English summary p. 16.

Hermann Kulke : Legitimation and town-planning in the feudatory states of Central Orissa pp. 17-37, figures p. 37.

Niels Gutschow : Patan : Symbolik einer newarischen Stadt in Nepal [Patan  : On the symbolics of a Newari town in Nepal] pp. 39-57, maps pp. 52-57.

Mujahid Husain Zaidi : Lucknow : Its history and architecture during the Nawb period (1722-1856) pp. 59-75, map p. 71.

Jan Pieper : The mofussil environment : Elements of colonial architecture and settlement in up-country India pp. 77-92.

Hans J[ürgen] von Lengerke : Ootacamund : Zur Entwicklung einer südindischen "Hill Station" [Ootacamund : On the development of a South Indian "Hill station"] pp. 93-132, graphs pp. 100, 101, 109, 121, maps pp. 96, 102, 105, 112, 113.

Maren Bellwinkel-Schemp : Kanpur : 1830-1973 : Eine koloniale Industriestadt und ihre Arbeiterschaft [Kanpur : 1830-1973 : A colonial industrial town and its labour classes] pp. 133-157, tables pp. 152, 153, English summary p. 157.

Hans-Dieter Evers : Politische Ökologie der südasiatischen Stadt : Neuere theoretische Ansätze zur Urbanisierungsproblematik [The political ecology of South Asian towns : new theoretical approaches towards the problem of urbanization] pp. 159-176, English summary p. 176.

Lothar Keck : Urbanization, urban growth and human settlements in India : Dimensions of change and policy implications up to 2001 pp. 177-192, tables pp. 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 188, graph p. 186.

Hans Christoph Rieger : Bombay or Nasik? Urban overcentralization in India's industrialization process pp. 193-212, graphs pp. 190, 200, 201, 202, 203, 207.

Heinz Nissel : Jüngste Tendenzen der Zuwanderung nach Bombay [Recent trends in migration to Bombay] pp. 213-231, maps. pp. 215, 217, tables pp. 227-230, English summary p. 231.

Wolfgang-Peter Zingel : Urbanisierung und regionale Wirtschaftsentwicklung in Pakistan [Urbanization and regional economic development in Pakistan] pp. 233-269, tables pp. 236, 243, 248, 251, maps pp. 238, 240, English summary pp. 268-269.

Indira Rothermund : Political contours of a coal-mining district in India (Dhanbad) pp. 271-284, table p. 281.

Hans-Jochen Diesfeld : Das Kohlerevier von Dhanbad (Bihar/Indien) als Beispiel für die Gesundheitsprobleme im Urbanisierungs- und Industrialisierungsprozess in Entwicklungsländern [The coal mining area of Dhanbad (Bihar/ India) as an example of the health problems arising in the process of urbanization in developing countries] pp. 285-309, tables pp. 302-306, graphs pp. 306-306, English summary p. 309.

Klaus Hausherr : Mangagoy/Tabon (Mindanao, Philippinen) : vom Fischerdorf zum Industriestandort [Mangagoy/Tabon (Mindanao,Philippines) : from fishing village to industrial centre] pp. 311-335, maps pp. 312, 314-315, 322, areal photograph p. 323, English summary p. 331.

Peter Treuner : Stadtentwicklung Bhaktapur/Nepal [Urban development in Bhaktapur/Nepal] pp. 337-346, English summary p. 346.

Lothar Lutze : An introductory note on the city as scene and theme of contemporary Indian literature pp. 347-351.

Alokeranjan Dasgupta : The tale of a city by two artists pp. 353-362.

Die Autoren [The authors] pp. 363-366.

Liste der Abbildungen [List of photographs and figures] pp. 367-370.

Index pp. 371-376.

Plates, maps, reproductions, drawings.

61 Die Erörterung der Wirksamkeit : Bhartharis Kriysamuddea und Helrjas Prka; zum ersten Male aus dem Sanskrit übersetzt, mit einer Einführung und einem Glossar versehen [The discussion of effectiveness : Bharthari's Kriysamuddea and Helrja's Prka; for the first time translated from Sanskrit, with an introduction and a glossary] / [by] von Giovanni Bandini. - 1980. 200 p. ISBN 3-515-03391-2

Glossar [glossary] pp. 142-175, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 176 to 195, English summary pp. 196-200.

The most important part of this first translation of part III, book VIII of Bharthari's famous "treatise" is to describe the more general linguistic and philosophical ideas discussed in the text. The method and terminology applied to this subject by the author follow largely Hegel's "Logik", resp. the concepts of German idealism - the only Western philosophy (and language) to represent an adequate counterpart to classical Indian thought.

62 Die landwirtschaftliche Produktion in Indien  : Ackerbau-Technologie und traditionale Agrargesellschaft dargestellt nach dem Arthastra und Dharmastra [Agricultural production in India : farming technology and the traditional agrarian society described according to the Arthastra and Dharmastra] / von [by] Johannes Laping. - 1982. X, 155 p. ISBN 3-515-03521-4

Verzeichnis wichtiger Sanskrit-Termini [list of important Sanskrit terms] pp. 143-144, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 145-151, English summary pp. 153 to 155.

Agricultural practice and the attitude towards it in the Indian tradition have been examined here, largely on the basis of information available in the Arthastra of Kautilya and in the vast Dharmastra literature, as well as in a medieval treatise on agriculture, the renowned Ki-Parara.

63 Knpha  : Untersuchungen zu Kult, Mythologie und Geschichte ivaitischer Tantriker in Nepal [Knpha : studies on the cult, mythology and history of aiva tantrics in Nepal] / von [by] Günter Unbescheid. - 1980. XXXIII, 197, 16 p. ISBN 3-515-03478-1

XVI plates, 2 maps, English summary pp. 193-197.

This publication concentrates on the Knpha sect in Nepal. In the first chapter, the main centres of the sect all over Nepal are discussed in terms of historical development and mythology. The remaining part of the book deals with the Kathmandu Valley. Collecting data from inscriptions, Ghuti-documents and mythological sources, the author tries to reconstruct the origin and growth of the sect in Nepal.

64 Die Kasten-Klassenproblematik im städtisch-industriellen Bereich : historisch-empirische Fallstudie über die Industriestadt Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, Indien [The caste-class problems in the rural-idustrial sphere : an historical and empirical case study of the industrial town of Kampur in Uttar Pradesh, India] / von [by] Maren Bellwinkel. - 1980. XII, 284 p. ISBN 3-51503499-4

Fragebogen [questionnaire] pp.242-245, Verzeichnis der Abkürzungen und fremdsprachigen Ausdrücke [list of abbreviations and terms in foreign languages] pp. 246-259, index pp. 260-265, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 266-275, English summary pp. 277-284.

This thesis is based on empirical data which were collected in 1973/74 during a field trip to Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh, India. The author did a survey of a slum called Maheshganj ahata, which was inhabited by untouchable industrial workers and white collar workers, the latter mostly belonging to the upper castes. The untouchable labourers were Jaisvara Chamar from Eastern Uttar Pradesh. Louis Dumont's caste theory and Karl Marx's historical materialism both served as theoretical starting points for the research on caste and class loyalties of Maheshganj's inhabitants. The process of industrialization and development of the trade union movement in Kanpur are described in the introductory chapter. Family structure, political orientation and conflict and the veneration of the saints Shiv Narain and Sant Ravidas served as an example of the main thesis, i.e. that the behavioural pattern and the belief system of Maheshganj's inhabitants are governed by caste and class norms alike. The author comes to the conclusion that the contradiction between two opposing theoretical approaches can only be solved by reference to India's philosophical monism.

65 Tamang ritual texts 1  : preliminary studies in the folk-religion of an ethnic minority in Nepal / by András Höfer. - 1981. 184 p. ISBN 3-515-03585-0

This volume analyzes five oral ritual texts (on exorcism, hunting rituals, the cult of the tutelary deities of a Tamang clan). Each recitation is interpreted in the context of the ceremony; the translation of the original in transcription is followed by a glossary explaining some specific concepts and ritual techniques. An introductory part outlines the general setting: the history of the group dealt with, the non-Buddhist pantheon, the ritual specialists, etc.

67 Towards reducing the dependence on capital imports : a planning model for Pakistan's policy of self-reliance / by Heinz Ahrens and Wolfgang-Peter Zingel. With a contribution by Syed Nawab Haider Naqvi. - 1982. XVI, 337 p. ISBN 3-515-03853-1

84 tables in the text, 5 tables in Appendix A, 19 tables in Appendix B, 10 figures in the text, bibliography pp. 331-337.

Self-reliance had been a major target of the Pakistan Government throughout the seventies, but with little success. The possibilities and implications of alternative strategies aimed at reducing the dependence on (net) capital imports are analyzed with the help of a dynamic linear input-output model.

68 Aspekte der regionalen wirtschaftlichen Integration zwischen Entwicklungsländern : das Beispiel der ASEAN [Aspects of regional economic integration among developing countries : the ASEAN example] / von [by] Alfred Kraft. - 1982. X, 298 p. ISBN 3-515-03801-9

Abkürzungsverzeichnis [list of abbreviations] pp. XIX-X, 35 Tabellen im Text [35 tables in the text], 17 Tabellen im Anhang [17 tables in the appendix], Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 274-289, Statistische Quellen und andere Veröffentlichungen [statistical sources and other publications] pp. 290 to 292, English summary pp. 293-298.

This study analyzes the efforts of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations with a view to regional integration. Crucial points of the research are questions regarding their policy of industrialization, the changes of industrial co-operation, and the present need for the integration of the ASEAN countries into the world economy.

69 Indien, Nepal, Sri Lanka  : Süd-Süd-Beziehungen zwischen Symmetrie und Dependenz [India, Nepal, Sri Lanka : South-South relations between symmetry and dependence] / von [by] Citha Doris Maass. - 1982. XXI, 380 p.

ISBN 3-515-03802-7

Abkürzungsverzeichnis [list of abbreviations] p. X, Verzeichnis der Tabellen im Text [list of tables in the text] pp. XII-XIII, Inhaltsverzeichnis des tabellarischen Anhangs [list of tables in the appendix] pp. XIV-XV, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 362-375, English summary pp. 376-380.

This is a case study of South-South relations with special reference to India's influence on her smaller neighbours, Nepal and Sri Lanka. India's role in providing development aid and technical assistance to other Third World countries is also discussed in this thesis.

70 Grundbedürfnisse als Gegenstand der Entwicklungspolitik  : interdisziplinäre Aspekte der Grundbedarfsstrategie [Basic needs as an object of development policy : interdisciplinary aspects of the basic needs strategy] / Norbert Wagner und [and] Hans Christoph Rieger (Hrsg. [eds.]). - 1982. VIII, 220 p.

ISBN 3-515-03838-8

The struggle against absolute poverty and the fulfilment of human basic needs are crucial goals of development policy - both on national and international levels. But, as rather common in politics, widespread unanimity concerning goals goes hand in hand with disputes regarding the appropriate strategies to attain these goals.

From the table of contents :

Hans Christoph Rieger, Norbert Wagner : Einführung [introduction] pp. 1-12.

Martin Kaiser : Zur Bestimmbarkeit des menschlichen Grundbedarfs [On determining human basic needs] pp. 13-28.

Norbert Wagner : Ökonomische Implikationen des Grundbedarfskonzepts [Economic implications of the concept of basic needs] pp. 29-57.

András Höfer : Bedarf und Kultur : Anmerkungen zur Grundbedarfsstrategie aus ethnologischer Sicht [Needs and culture : Remarks on the strategy of basic needs from an anthropologist's point of view] pp. 59-80.

Karl Jettmar : "Wahre" und "falsche" Bedürfnisse : Diskussionsbemerkungen eines Ethnologen ["True" and "false" needs : remarks by an anthropologist] pp. 81-92.

Dieter Conrad : Das Menschenrecht auf Sicherung des Grundbedarfs [The human right to securing basic needs] pp. 93-134.

Hans Jochen Diesfeld : "Grundbedürfnisstrategie" - "Health for all by the year 2000" und "Primary Health Care" : Utopie oder Lösung des Problems der Armut ["Basic needs strategy" - "Health for all by the year 2000" and "Primary Health Care" : Utopia or the solution of the problem of poverty] pp. 135-151.

Hans Christoph Rieger : Grundbedarfsbefriedigung im Weltmaßstab : Das Bariloche Modell [The basic needs strategy on a global scale : the Bariloche Model] pp. 153-162.

Dietmar Rothermund : Die Dimension der Armut : Indien und der Lebensqualitätsindex [The dimension of poverty : India and the index of life quality] pp. 163-174.

Govind Ram Agrawal : Basic needs and Nepal pp. 175-212.

Rudolf Högger : Die Befriedigung von Grundbedürfnissen in der schweizerischen Entwicklungspolitik [The Swiss development policy to meet basic needs] pp. 213-220.

Autorenverzeichnis [List of the authors] p. 221.

71 The vagrant peasant : agrarian distress and desertion in Bengal, 1770 to 1830 / by Aditee Nag Chowdhury-Zilly. - 1982. XV, 196 p., 2 maps.

ISBN 3-51503855-8

Appendix I : Utbandi or Ootbundee, pp. 164-165, Appendix II : 5 documents in Bengali with English translations pp. 166-171, glossary pp. 172-179, Select bibliography pp. 180-196.

This study analyzes the patterns of peasant desertions and inter-rural migrations with their problems and economic implications during early British rule in Bengal (1770 to 1830). The Famine of 1770, when more than two thirds of the population perished, was taken as the starting point for the study of desertions in this region and has been compared with the peasant desertions initiated in medieval Europe after the Black Death. The comparison reveals that, unlike in Europe, the long-term effects of peasant desertions in Bengal were primarily negative and resulted from exploitative colonial policies, which affected all sectors of the economy. Here, attempts have been made to show how the phenomenon of peasant desertions, permanent and temporary, of a long- and short-term nature, aggravated class differences amongst the peasantry by creating a new balance of power in the traditional agrarian structure. In Bengal, peasant desertions took place primarily in order to escape the pressures of the revenue collector and were often used as a trick to cheat the colonial masters whose policies caused an increase of the landless peasantry and sharecroppers, who sought to escape from extreme rural poverty through unprofitable inter-rural migrations.

72 Orissa  : a comprehensive and classified bibliography / by Hermann Kulke in collaboration with Gaganendranath Dash and Manmath Nath Das, Karuna Sagar Behera. - 1982. XXIII, 416 p. ISBN 3-515-03593-1

This bibliography of the state of Orissa is a by-product of the Orissa Research Project and contains 8,000 titles, both in European and in Indian languages. They are arranged according to the needs of research scholars.

73 Adat, Macht und lokale Eliten  : eine Studie zur Machtstruktur der Pfarrei Habi in Sikka / Flores, Indonesien anhand der Einführung der Institution Gabungan Kontas 1975/76; eine empirische Untersuchung [Adat, power and local élites : a study of the power structure in the parish of Gabungan Kontas 1975/76; an empirical examination] / von [by] Paul Rudolf Nunheim. - 1982. XVI, 345 p. ISBN 3-515-03834-5

Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 293-301, Tabellen [tables] 45-53 im Anhang [in the appendix] pp. 303-333, Fragebogen für [questionnaire for] Ketua Gabungan pp. 334-338, Strukturierter Fragebogen für Gabungan-Mitglieder [structured questionnaire for members of Gabungan] pp. 339-342, English summary pp. 343-345.

Nunheim's thesis is focussed on the parish of Sikka / Flores (Indonesia). The theoretical framework follows the tradition of political anthropology, more especially that of Balandier. His empirical approach centres around power structures in connection with certain élites within Sikka society. Methodologically, he determines power by reputation and decision processes. The quantitative research through structured interviews tries to identify local élites and associated segmentarian power structures for specified processes of decision making.

74 Tamil : Sprache als politisches Symbol; politische Literatur in der Tamilsprache in den Jahren 1945 bis 1967; mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Schriften der Führer der dravidischen Bewegung  : E. V. Rmacmi und C. N. Aturai [Tamil : Language as a political symbol; political literature in the Tamil language during the years 1945 to 1967; with special reference to the writings of the leaders of the Dravidian movement : E. V. Rmacmi and C. N. Aturai / von [by] Dagmar Hellmann-Rajanayagam. - 1984. VII, 249 p.

ISBN 3-515-03894-9

English summary pp. 242-249, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 225-233, index pp. 235-241.

During the period from Independence to 1967, the Dravidian movements in Madras State (later : Tamil Nadu) gained increasing significance, culminating in the electoral victory of D.M.K. (Tirvita Murak Kaakam = Dravidian Progress Movement) in 1967. This thesis deals with the diverse Dravidian movements as well as with the development of their programmes and ideas based on the writings and speeches by the respective founders and leaders. Linguistic problems and questions arising thereof are of special importance in the ideology of these movements. These developments are seen in relation to the general discussion of nationalism and the question whether they have to be regarded as being "national" or "nationalistic". Finally, they are compared with similar movements in Jaffna and Malaysia.

75 Moderne Gesetzgebung in Indien und ihre Auswirkung auf die Landbevölkerung  : eine Dorfstudie aus Uttar Pradesh [Modern legislation in India and its repercussions on the rural population : a village study from Uttar Pradesh] / von [by] Eva Prochazka. - 1982. XI, 133 p. ISBN 3-515-03893-0

English summary pp. 131-133, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 128-130.

This study presents aspects of change in the Indian village which was to be achieved through land reforms with economic and political goals. The authoress shows the economic and social consequences resulting from an imposition of ceilings and the redistribution of land. She also includes the Dowry Prohibition Act which was meant as a tool to regulate the economic aspects of traditional marriage patterns and which proved to be ineffective. Marriage has become a matter of financial competition : The bridegroom's education becomes the standard for determining the dowry. The effects towards making village administration more democratic by eliminating the existing patterns ofauthority and the consequences thereof are discussed, too. Finally, the authoress looks into village development programmes not included in the Five Year Plans.

76 Status and affinity in middle India / by Georg Pfeffer. - 1982. VII, 104 p.

ISBN 3-515-03913-9

XV figures, bibliography pp. 100-104.

The systems of classification among some 50 million "Scheduled Tribes" and "Scheduled Castes" in the hilly areas of Middle India have been largely ignored by ethnography. The present study compares them with classifications of sacred space in the coastal region of Orissa to point out the idea of "dual sovereignty" (Needham) as the principle of both.

77 Indology and law : studies in honour of Professor J. Duncan M. Derrett / Edited by Günther-Dietz Sontheimer and Parameswara Kota Aithal. - 1982. XI, 463 p. ISBN 3-515-03748-9

Various scholars from India and the West have joined to felicitate Professor J. Duncan M. Derrett who has contributed substantially to our knowledge of India. The volume brings together studies on history, classical Indian law (dharmastra), modern Hindu law, and contributions on society, religion and law under the common denominator "Indology and Law". The increasing interest in problems of the plural legal systems of South Asia and their social, religious and philosophical implications is evident in this volume.

From the table of contents :

Part I : History

Friedrich Wilhelm : Kaliyuga and time capsule pp. 3-17.

Franz Ferdinand Schwarz : The itinerary of yambulus : Utopianism and history pp. 18-55.

Harold W. Bailey : Ancient Iranian Asia pp. 56-59.

Heinz Bechert : On the identification of Buddhist schools in early Sri Lanka pp. 60-76.

Part II : Classical Indian Law (Dharmastra)

Albrecht Wezler : On the interpretation of Manusmti II,7 pp. 81-105.

Parameswara K. Aithal : Devasvmin : a forgotten jurist? pp. 106-119, bibliography p. 119.

Heramba Chatterjee Sastri : Studies in the verses relating to Niraya in the Vysasmti pp. 120-167, bibliography pp. 166-167.

Bernhard Kölver : Kaualya's Piakara - reconsidered pp. 168-184, bibliography pp. 183-184.

Rosane Rocher : Of sources, compendia, and recasts : competent witnesses in the Vivdravasetu pp. 185-204, 2 appendices pp. 198-204.

Richard W. Lariviere : sedha and kroa : arrest in the Sarasvatvilsa pp. 205-222.

Part III : Modern Hindu law

E. S. Venkataramiah : Certain aspects of adoption prevailing amongst the Hindus pp. 225-247.

Paras Diwan : Evolution of Hindu law of marriage : from sacramental marriage to breakdown-divorce pp. 248-270.

B. N. Sampath : Scheduled Castes : a Hindu law perspective pp. 271-299.

Part IV : Society, Religion, and Law

Narendra K. Wagle : The Cndrasenya Kyastha Prabhus and the Brahmans : ritual, law and politics in Pune : 1789-90 pp. 303-328.

Günther-Dietz Sontheimer : God, dharma and society in the Ydava kingdom of Devagir according to the Lcaritra of Cakradhar pp. 329-358.

Dieter Conrad : Gandhi's egalitarianism and the Indian tradition pp. 359-410.

Bibliography of J. Duncan M. Derrett's works on India pp. 413-458.

Contributors pp. 459-463.

78 Über Entstehungsprozesse in der Philosophie des Nyya-Vaieika-Systems [On processes of genesis in the philosophy of the Nyya-Vaieika system] / von [by] Hans-Georg Türstig. - 1982. XIX, 101 p.

ISBN 3-51503951-1

Textanhang [Appendix : Texts] : Übersetzung thematisch relevanter Textstellen (6. Jh. - 17. Jh. n. Chr.) [translation of relevant text passages (6th to 7th centuries A.D.)] pp. 67-82, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 83-98, Literaturhinweise [bibliography] pp. 99-101.

This study begins with three graphs illustrating the systematic structure of the Nyya-Vaieika philosophical system. The first three chapters deal with the facts underlying the processes of the origins including their causalities. These processes and their causalities are then critically discussed; here, certain recurring structures can be seen. The author points to contradictions inherent in the system, sometimes being the result of the system's axiomatic theory if applied unrestrictedly. The translation of the texts in the appendix also includes that on the theory of origins.

79 Cheap lives and dear limbs  : the British transformation of the Bengal criminal law 1769-1817 / by Jörg Fisch. - 1983. VII, 154 p.

ISBN 3-515-04012-9

Appendix I : Cornwallis's Enquiry, 19 November 1789, IOR P/52/22 (Bengal Revenue Council, 3 Dec 1790 p. 136, Appendix II : Wellesly's Enquiry, 29 October 1801 (Parliamentary Papers 9, 1812/13, 1-290, List of Replies pp. 137 to 138, Appendix III : A note on legislation and on legislative sources p. 139, abbreviations p. 140.

The British were at first reluctant to interfere with criminal law and administration in Bengal. In 1790, however, legislation started. By 1817, it had not only brought the administration of criminal justice under British control, but had also replaced the basic principles of the Islamic law and most of its punishments by the principles and laws of European origin. Its main aim was to secure law and order. Punishments became more severe, while, at the same time, penalties that were shocking to British feelings, especially mutilation, were abolished. The forfeiture of life became more frequent, but the forfeiture of limbs was no longer acceptable.

80 Brata und lpan in Bengalen [Brata and lpan in Bengal] / von [by] Eva Maria Gupta. - 1983. X, 210 p. ISBN 3-515-04063-3

Karte von Bengalen [map of Bengal] p. 11, 8 Tabellen im Text [8 tables in the text], 100 Abbildungen im Text [sketches in the text], Glossar [glossary] pp. 201-203, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 204-205, English summary pp. 207-210.

This book deals with the magic religious rites (brata) which are mostly extinct nowadays among women in rural Bengal. During the ceremonies, the site is ritually cleansed through drawings on the floor (lpan). Twenty-three different bratas are examined from different points of view and ordered according to specific characteristics. Almost any lpan in these rites is related within a certain symbolism to the aim of the rites or to the act itself. lpans used during family festivities are also presented in this book. Finally, floor drawings developed in the Tgore School in Santiniketan bearing no relation to certain rites are compared with lpans closely related to bratas.

81 The Mo documents from Tanjore in Danish collections / edited, translated and analysed by Elisabeth Strandberg. - 1983. 386 p.

ISBN 3-51504080-3

List of abbreviations pp. 361-362, bibliography pp. 363-368, word index pp. 369-378, subject and name index pp. 379-386.

This book contains both charts of normal Mo, of its variants as well as vocabularies of administrative terms not found in Molesworth's dictionary. The author presents a clearer picture of the development of the New Indo-Aryan language, viz. Marh, as it was used in the otherwise Dravidian kingdom of Tanjore. Marh was the language of the Tanjore court from 1674 to 1855 A.D., and the material presented here covers two thirds of that period, namely from 1725 to 1844 A.D. It is for the first time that any such extensive source material in Tanjore Marh has been published. It will become clear that the development of Tanjore Marh was closely linked to the position and power of the Marha kings of Tanjore. Finally, it is for the first time that source material on the history of one of the small colonial powers in India has been published; Tranquebar was under Danish administration for 225 years (1620-1845) and the documents reviewed cover the development of Indo-Danish relations during the second half of that period.

82 Agrarverfassung und Agrarentwickung in Thailand [Agrarian strucutre and agrarian development in Thailand] / von [by] Friedrich W. Fuhs in Zusammenarbeit mit Forschungsstelle für Internationale Agrarentwicklung e.V., Heidelberg [in collaboration with the Research Centre for International Agrarian Development, Heidelberg]. - 1985. XVIII, 311 p. ISBN 3-515-04553-8

24 Abbildungen [graphs], 91 Tabellen [tables] im Text [in the text], 5 Anhangstabellen [tables in the appendix] pp. 277-281, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 283-304, English summary pp. 305-311.

This study gives a comprehensive description of Thai agriculture, agricultural production, rural institutions and agrarian development during the period from 1963 to 1978. The present land tenure system is depicted as being the result of the historical development which began in 1855 with the Bowring Treaty and the abolishment of slavery and serfdom shortly afterwards. The development of railway transportation in the country, an administrative reform, a liberal economic policy, a new land law and many other reforms set the legal and institutional framework for agricultural development in the 20th century in which, so far, the population has increased more than sixfold. Thailand's agriculture has reached a turning point : The agricultural area can no more be enlarged, but it must, nevertheless, continue to absorb the annually growing surplus of labourers who cannot find any job in the secondary or tertiary sector.

83 Moka in Jainism, according to Umsvti / by Robert J. Zydenbos. - 1983. IX, 81 p. ISBN 3-515-04053-6

Abbreviations p. 1, bibliography : primary literature p. 1, secondary literature pp. 1-4, index pp. 56-59, reproduction of the original texts pp. 61-81.

This book intends to clarify the Jain concept of Moka, i.e. the final release from rebirth. This is the first translation of the last chapter of the main philosophical treatise in Jainism, the Tattvrthastra, which is traditionally ascribed to Umsvti, including his commentary.

84 Fischerei und Fischereiwirtschaft im nördlichen Ceylon  : Standort und Lebensraum der Fischer im Norden der Tropeninsel [Fisheries and the fishery industry in northern Ceylon : location and living space of the fishermen in the north of the tropical island] / von [by] Thomas Gläser. - 1983. XV, 196 p.

ISBN 3-515-04054-4

Literatur [bibliography] pp. 162-176, Bildanhang [appendix] : 43 Photos [photographs] pp. 177-194, English summary pp. 195-196.

Although an island, Ceylon cannot be regarded an ideal location for fishing industries. The author has studied the conditions prevailing in northern Ceylon and summarizes his results for the different fishing centres in "fishery calendars" demonstrating the dependence of the fishing industry on annual monsoons. The island of Mannar northwest of Ceylon proves to be a model case : The coastal regions preferred resp. neglected by the fishermen are separated by those 5 kms only which make up the width of the island. Finally, the author discusses the position of the fishing industry within the overall economy of Ceylon on the basis of his findings in the north.

85 Thailands Lehrer zwischen "Tradition" und "Fortschritt"  : eine empirische Untersuchung politisch-sozialer und pädagogischer Einstellungen thailändischer Lehrerstudenten des Jahres 1974 [Thailand's teachers between "tradition" and "progress" : an empirical study of social, educational, and political attitudes of students at Teacher Training Colleges and Universities in Thailand, 1974] / von [by] Ingrid Liebig-Hundius. - 1984. XII, 342 p.

ISBN 3-515-04121-4

Anhang [appendix] A : Tabellen und Diagramme [tables and diagrams] pp. 256-280, Anhang [appendix] B : Die Aussagen des Einstellungsinventars [keywords describing the attitudes] pp. 281-290, Anhang C [appendix C] : Die Aussagen des Einstellungsinventars (in Thai) [The keywords describing the attitudes (in Thai) pp. 291-296, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 297-323, Sachregister [subject index] pp. 324-330, Register der Aussagen des Einstellungsinventars [index of the keywords describing the attitudes] pp. 331 to 332, Personenregister [index of persons] p. 333, English summary pp. 334 to 342.

This book deals with the socio-political and paedagogical attitude of Thai students of education in their 1974 conflict between "tradition" and "progress". It becomes clear that the concepts of society and traditional values are deeply rooted in a general social orientation. In Thailand, the problem of opposition to established authorities which has been a major stimulus for social change in the West, presents itself in a completely different way. The author points out the differences between the "traditional" and "modern" concepts of education and analyses subjects such as equality of chances, contents of the curricula, methods of education and the relationship between teachers and pupils. The possibilities and limits of a transfer of socio-political ideas are also described.

86 Ethnologie und Geschichte : Festschrift für Karl Jettmar [Ethnology and history : Felicitation volume for Karl Jettmar] / hrsg. [ed.] von [by] Peter Snoy. - 1983. 654 p. ISBN 3-515-04104-4

Karte von Nordpakistan [map of Northern Pakistan] p. 162.

This is the felicitation volume on the occasion of the 65th birthday of Karl Jettmar :

[Peter Snoy] : Zum Geleit [preface] p. 11

Daten zu Leben und Werk von Karl Jettmar [dates in the life and works of Karl Jettmar] pp. 13-15

Veröffentlichungen von Karl Jettmar [publications by Karl Jettmar] zusammengestellt von [compiled by] Siegfried Schwertner pp. 16-28

Hermann Berger : Etymologische Bemerkungen zu einigen auf Geister und Geisterglaube bezügliche Wörter im Burushaski [etymological remarks on some Burushaski words related to spirits and the belief in spirits] pp. 29-33

Wolfram Bernhard : Beiträge der physischen Anthropologie zum Geschichtsverständnis der ethnischen Gruppen im Hindukusch [contributions of physical anthropology towards the understanding of history among ethnic groups in the Hindukush] pp. 34-51, 1 photograph, 3 figs., Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 49-51

G. M. Bongard-Levin : Archaeology and ethnocultural history of Hindustan (III. - I. millenia B.C.) pp. 52-60

Burchard Brentjes : Studien zur Tadshikischen Volkskunst [Studies on Tadshik folk art] pp. 61-72, 3 figs, 4 photographs

Georg Buddruss : Spiegelungen der Islamisierung Kafiristans in der mündlichen Überlieferung [Reflections of the Islamization of Kafiristan in oral tradition] pp. 73-88, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 86-88

Ahmad Hasan Dani : Carvings on a Thalpan rock pp. 89-95, pls. IV-VI

Magdalene von Dewall : Chariotry and burial practices in Zhou China : some socio-historical observations pp. 96-111

Walter Dostal : Interpretation der sozio-ökonomischen Verhältnisse südarabischer Beduinen [Interpretation of the socio-economic environment of Bedouins in Southern Arabia] pp. 112-127, 1 Tabelle [table], Übersicht [graph]: Geschlechtliche Arbeitsteilung [The division of labour according to sex] pp. 120-121], Anmerkungen [footnotes] p. 127.

Louis Duprée : From whence cometh pasta? pp. 128-134, footnotes p. 132, bibliography pp. 133-134

Klaus Fischer : Überlieferungen volkstümlicher und herrschaftlicher Bauformen in Sistan [Traditions of popular and lordly buildings in Sistan] pp. 135-146, pls. VII-VIII, 12 drawings, key to the drawings pp. 144-145, footnotes pp. 145 to 146.

Jürgen Frembgen : Die Nagerku im Licht der populären Reiseliteratur : ein Beitrag zur Vorurteilsforschung in Nordpakistan [The Nagerku as seen in popular travelogues : a contribution to the research of prejudices in Northern Pakistan] pp. 147-16, footnotes pp. 157-160, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 160-161 : Hunza-Literatur [literature on Hunza] pp. 160-161, Thema Vorurteilsforschung und Ethnozentrismus [research on prejudices and ethnocentrism] p. 161.

Erika Friedl : Die medizinischen Systeme der Boir Ahmad [The medical systems of the Boir Ahmad] pp. 163-179, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 178 to 179.

Gérard Fussman : Un récit Kam-Viri sur les coutumes pré-Islamique de Kamdesh [A Kam-Viri depiction of the pre-Islamic costumes of Kamdesh] pp. 180 to 204, Bibliographie [bibliography] p. 204.

Christian E. Guksch : Theoretischer Monismus versus Eklektizismus [Theoretical monism versus eclecticism] pp. 205-211, Anmerkung [note] p. 209, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 210-211.

Eike Haberland : Zum Geschichtsbewußtsein der Wolayta (Südäthiopien) [On the conscioursness of historical tradition among the Wolayta (Southern Ethiopia)] pp. 212-221, Anmerkungen [notes] p. 220, Bibliographie [bibliography] p. 221.

Alexander Häusler : Zu den ältesten Streitwagen in Ost-Europa [On the oldest war charriots in East Europe] pp. 223-233, 4 Abb. [figs.], legend to the figures] p. 230, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 230-233.

Walter Heissig : Der "literarische" Tierstil [The "literary" animal style] pp. 234 to 244, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 241-244.

Joseph Henninger : Genealogien und Geschichtsbewußtsein bei semitischen Völkern [Genealogies and the consciousness of historical tradition among Semitic peoples pp. 245-261, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 255-256, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 257-261.

Rolf Herzog : Zur Geschichte des Wortes Nomade in der Neuzeit [On the history of the word nomad in modern times] pp. 262-271, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 269-271.

Oscar v[on] Hinüber : Zu einigen Felsinschriften in Brhm aus Nordpakistan [On some rock inscriptions in Brhm from North Pakistan] pp. 272-279, Verzeichnis der Personennamen [list of names] pp. 278-279.

Walter Hirschberg : Zu den Anfängen der Ethnohistorie in Wien [On the beginnings of ethno-history in Vienna] pp. 280-292, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 291-292.

András Höfer : Wie soll ein Gerechter schlichten? : eine Stegreifrede des er Bahdur Mamba Tmg aus Bhokteni, Nepal [How shall a just man arbitrate? : an ex tempore speech by er Bahdur Mamba Tmg from Bhokteni, Nepal] pp. 293-302, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 301-302.

Helmut Humbach : Phrom Gesar and the Bactrian Rome pp. 303-309, notes pp. 306-307, figs. 1-6: inscriptions pp. 308-309.

Jyotindra Jain : Wall paintings at Anjar, Kutch pp. 310-318, footnotes p. 317, captions to the illustrations p. 318.

Alfred Janata : Ethnogenetische Prozesse in West- und Zentral-Afghanistan [Ethnogenetic processes in West and Central Afghanistan] pp. 319-330, Karte [map] 1 : Karte von [map of] Afghanistan p. 321, Karte [map] 2 : Verbreitung der westafghanischen Char Aimaq-Stämme und die Sitze der jeweiligen Stammeschefs, um 1880 [Spread of the West Afghan Char Aimaq tribes and their respective clan chiefs' seats, ca. 1880] p. 326, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 329-330.

Ulla Johansen : Grundmuster der Einrichtung des Wohn- und Empfangsraumes in Orient und Okzident [Basic furnishing patterns of the living and reception rooms in the Orient and in the Occident] pp. 331-342, 3 drawings, 3 plates, Verzeichnis der Tafeln [list of plates] p. 338, Anmerkungen [notes] p. 339, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 340-342.

Schuyler Jones : In search of the horned head-dress pp. 343-350, [bibliographical] notes pp. 349-350, VI plates.

Maximilian Klimburg : The monumental arts of status among the Kafirs of the Hindu Kush pp. 351-357, notes pp. 356-357, captions to the photographs p. 357, 9 photographs.

Bruno Knall : Dezentralisation und Partizipation in Nepal [Decentralization and participation in Nepal] pp. 358-372.

Willy Kraus : Geschichte, Tradition und Industrialisierungsprozeß [History, tradition and the process of industrialization] pp. 373-388, [Anmerkungen (notes)] pp. 387-388.

Boris A. Litvinskij : Schaf und Ziege in der Glaubenswelt der Pamir-Tadschiken [Sheep and goat in the sphere of faith among the Pamir Tadziks] pp. 389 to 398, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 394-395, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 395 to 398.

Reinhold Löffler : Lur huntinglore and the culture-history of the Shin pp. 399 to 409, footnote p. 409, bibliography p. 409.

Helmut H. E. Loofs-Wissowa : The distribution of Dongson drums : some thoughts pp. 410-417, map : distribution map of Heger-I-type drums, from a recent Vietnamese publication p. 412, bibliography pp. 416-417, legend to pl. XXVIII p. 417.

Ali Ahmad Motamedi : L'importance socio-économique et socio-réligieuse de la chèvre au Nouristan pp. 418-422, bibliographie [bibliography] p. 422.

Irmtraud Müller-Stellrecht : Der Thronantritt König Muhammad Nazim Khans von Hunza (Nordpakistan) : ein Beispiel "indirekter Herrschaft" im kolonialen Indien [The accession to the throne by King Muhammad Nazim Khan of Hunza (North Pakistan) : an example of "indirect rule" in colonial India] pp. 423 to 437, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 435-436, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 436 to 437.

Adam Nayyar : The Chili-Gari-Ai ceremony pp. 438-439.

Eleonora Nowgorodowa : Mongolie de l'époque du "Style Animal" [Mongolia during the period of the "animal style"] pp. 440-444.

Taryo Obayashi : The celestial after-world of the ancient Japanese pp. 445 to 452, bibliography pp. 451-452 : I. In European languages p. 451, II: In Japanese pp. 451-452.

Abdul Raziq Palwal : Folk treasure hunt pp. 453-463, notes p. 463.

Helmut Petri : Die Möglichkeit "geschichtlichen Denkens" bei australischen Aborigines ["Historical thinking" among Australian aborigines] pp. 464-470, Bemerkung [note] p. 470.

Georg Pfeffer : Präskription und Geschichte : Grenzen in pakistanischen Terminologien [Prescription and history : limits of Pakistani terminology] pp. 471 to 485, graphs : Nomenklatur (Referenztermini) der Juang [nomenclature (referential terms) of the Juang] pp. 478-479, Sindhi-Nomenklatur nach Karve (1953: 143 f.), ohne Umschreibung für H und W der Vettern/Basen [Sindhi nomenclature according to Karve (1953: 143 f.), without explanation for H and W of cousins] p. 481, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 484-485.

Carl Rathjens : Naturräumliche Elemente in der Territorialbildung im Raume Afghanistans [Environmental considerations in territorial demarcation in Afghanistan] pp. 486-495.

Walter Raunig : Spuren alter Besiedlung auf den Talterrassen des östlichen Wakhn (Nordostafghanistan) [Traces of ancient settlements on the valley terraces in eastern Wakhn (Northeast Afghanistan)] pp.496-509, plates XXIX to XXXIV, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 504-585, Legende zu den Photographien [captions to the photogaphs] p. 505, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 506-508.

Veronika Ronge : Tibetischer Regionalismus in Anekdote und Witz : mit drei Zeichnungen von N. Gonpo Ronge [Tibetan regionalism in anecdotes and jokes : with three drawings by N. Gonpo Ronge] pp. 509-514.

Victor Sarianidi : Anthropomorphic divinities of ancient Bactria pp. 515-525, footnotes pp. 524-525, plates XXXV-XXXVI.

Friedhelm Scholz : Der große und der kleine Bruder : eine Erzählung der Akha [The elder and the younger brother : a tale from the Akha] pp. 526-535, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 534-535.

Ulrich Schweinfurth : Mensch und Umwelt im Indus-Durchbruch am Nanga Parbat (NW-Himalaya) (mit 1 Karte) [Man and environment in the Indus gorge near the Nanga Parbat (Northwest Himalaya) (with 1 map)] pp.536-559, Anmerkungen [notes] p. 553, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 554-557, English summary pp. 558-559.

Helmtraut Scheikh-Dilthey : Eine Geschichte - viele Geschichtsbilder  : zum Selbstverständnis der Swahili [One history - many perceptions of history : on the conception of oneself among the Swahili] pp. 560-566, Anmerkungen [bibliographical notes] p. 565: Zusätzliche Literatur [additional reading material] p. 566.

Günther Smolla : Ein Reh-Astragal aus Cucuteni [A deer's astragalus from Cucuteni] pp. 567-572, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 571-572.

Peter Snoy : Thronfolge in den Fürstentümern der grossen Scharungszone [The succession to the throne in the area where the systems of great folds merge] pp. 573-581.

Renate Söhnen : On reflections of historical events in Balti folk-songs pp. 582 to 601, notes pp. 596-598, bibliography pp. 599-600, map of Baltistan p. 601.

Giorgio Stacul : Painted "horses" from the Swt Valley (middle of 2nd mill. B.C.) pp. 602-605, 3 drawings, Bibliographie [bibliography] p. 605.

Kurt Tauchmann : Historische Kontinuität, koloniale Assimilation und Revitalisierung minahasischer Kultur in Sulawesi/Indonesien [Historical continuity, colonial assimilation and rivitalisation of the Minahasa culture in Sulawesi/Indonesia] pp. 606-621, Plate XXXVII, Anmerkungen [notes] p. 619, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 620-621.

Volker Thewalt : Jtaka-Darstellungen bei Chilas und Shatial am Indus [Jtaka depictions near Chilas and Shatial on the Indus] pp. 622-635, 5 drawings, plates XXXVIII-XLIII, Abbildungen [captions to the plates] p. 632, notes pp. 632-633, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 634-635.

Hermann Trimborn : Über das Geschichtsbewußtsein in den Hochkulturen des alten Amerika [On the consciousness of history among the advanced civilisations in ancient America] pp. 636-638.

Wazir Ali Shah : The Roshte, a tribe of Chitral pp. 639-648, plates XLIV a-b.

Tafelverzeichnis [List of plates] pp. 649-654.

87 Malediven und Lakkadiven : Materialien zur Bibliographie der Atolle im Indischen Ozean [The Maldives and Laccadives : Materials on the bibliography of the atolls in the Indian Ocean] / von [by] Thomas Malten. - 1983. 101 p.

ISBN 3-515-04125-7

This is the first comprehensive bibliography on the Maldives and Laccadives, containing 676 titles, out of which 115 are related to the Laccadives. They are arranged according to the subjects, an authors' index and anonymous subject titles.

88 Astor : eine Ethnographie [Astor : an ethnography] / von [by] Adam Nayyar. - 1986. XIII, 120 p. ISBN 3-515-04344-6

26 graphs, Literatur [bibliography] pp. 104-106, Anhang 1 [Appendix I] : Schamanenlieder [Shamanic songs] pp. 107-111, Anhang 2 [Appendix 2] : Familienlieder [Family songs] pp. 113, 115, 117, Genealogien (Genealogies] pp. 114, 116, 118, English summary pp. 119-120.

This ethnographic study on a peripheral region of the Shina-speakers in North Pakistan presents a description of the chronology and the calender system, of the passage rites and house construction and concentrates on the traditional worldview of the Shina-speakers within the tense sphere between niril and kul, the upper and the lower realms. The author reconstructs the central position of the shaman and its decline through the spread of Islam. Then the interaction between traditional religion and Islam is described. The appendices contain both shamanic and family songs, transcribed and translated by the author.

89 Zwischen Reform und Rebellion  : über die Entwicklung des Islams in Minangkabau (Westsumatra) zwischen den beiden Reformbewegungen der Padri (1837) und der Modernisten (1908); ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Islamisierung Indonesiens [Between reform and rebellion : on the development of Islam in Minangkaubau (West Sumatra) between the two reformation movements of the Padri (1837) and the Modernists (1908); a contribution to the history of Islamization in Indonesia] / von [by] Werner Kraus. - 1984. X, 236 p. ISBN 3-515-04286-5

Anhang [Appendix] 1 : Islamische Schulen in Minangkabau [Islamic schools in Minangkabau] p. 205, Anhang [Appendix] 2 : Einige frühe deutsche Beiträge zur Minangkabau-Literatur [Some early German contributions to Minangkabau literature] pp. 206-207, Anhang [Appendix] 3 : Enthüllungen über die "wahre" Natur des sudanesischen Mahdi [Revelations about the "true" nature of the Sudanese Mahdi] pp. 208-209, Anhang [Appendix] 4 : Wasiat Nabi : die letzte Ermahnung Muhammads an seine Gemeinde aus dem Jahr 1880 [Wasiat Nabi : Muhammad's last admonition of the year 1880 to his followers] pp. 210-211, Anhang [Appendix] 5 : Bericht über die Unruhen in Kamang [Report on the unrests in Kamang] pp. 212-217, Glossar [glossary] p. 218, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 219-229, Register [index] pp. 230-234, English summary pp.235-236.

During the 19th century, Indonesia experienced fundamental changes, set off by the increasing colonial presence of the Dutch, the world-wide Islamic revival and internal social factors. This study describes the development of Islam in West Sumatra. After the radical reformatory attempts by the Padri, which triggered off the resistance of the élite and the Dutch intervention, the Naqshbandiyya Brotherhood, since 1850, succeeded in propagating an orthodox version of Islamic mysticism. This mysticism proved to be very attractive to the new élite, grown in the shadow of colonial power, since it helped to decrease the differences between the local population and the colonial masters. At the same time, the Minangkabau Muslims came out of their marginal position within Islam and became true members of umma. The author depicts both the sociological and theological differences between individual brotherhoods in West Sumatra and the Dutch attitude towards orthodox and mystic Islam. Since religious development cannot be understood without considering economic development and vice versa, the development of the compulsory cultivation of coffee and the consequences thereof are also examined. The book concludes with a description of the tax rebellion of 1908.

90 Energie und wirtschaftliche Entwicklung in Entwickungsländern : das Beispiel Nepal [Energy and economic development in developing countries : Nepal] / von [by] Jürgen Steiger. - 1984. XX, 329 p. ISBN 3-51504345-4

15 Tabellen im Text [15 tables in the text], 4 Tabellen im Anhang [4 tables in the appendix], 15 Abbildungen im Text [15 graphs in the text], 3 Abbildungen im Anhang [3 graphs in the appendix], Verzeichnis der Abkürzungen [list of abbreviations] pp. XVIII-XIX, Energiespezifische Abkürzungen [abbreviations related to energy] p. XX, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 305-322, English summary pp. 323-329.

In this book, the author discusses the energy problems in the least developed countries; he analyses the economic consequences of energy shortages and price increases, and indicates approaches towards solving the dilemma. It is important reading material for anyone who wishes to familiarize himself with the subject of energy in less developed countries. Moreover, this book will help development politicians and planners dealing with questions of energy in planning and decision-making.

91 Kampf um Malakka : eine wirtschaftsgeschichtliche Studie über den portugiesischen und niederländischen Kolonialismus in Südostasien [Fight for Malacca : a study on the economic history of Portuguese and Dutch colonialism in South East Asia] / von [by] Malcolm Dunn. - 1984. XV, 275 p.

ISBN 3-515-04123-0

5 Photos, 35 Abbildungen [figures], 21 Tabellen [tables], Zeittafel [chronology] pp. 229-233, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 235-257, Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 259-266, Verzeichnis der Fotographien [list of photographs] p. 267, Verzeichnis der Abbildungen [list of figures] pp. 267-268, Verzeichnis der Tabellen [list of tables] p. 268, English summary pp. 269-275.

The Malayan peninsula was ruled successively by three European nations : Portugal (Estado da India), the Netherlands (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie), and England (East India Company). The author presents an economic and historical interpretation of this period in Malayan history. The description of the political and military courses of action is taken as the empirical basis for a theoretical analysis, which understands history as being the result of the interaction between individual decisions and possibilities. The present study mainly examines the motives, interests and competence of the Malayan feudal aristocracy, the feudal farmers, the Asian traders and European colonial masters living within an environment characterized by property rights and socio-cultural norms.

92 Portraits in sechs Fürstenstaaten Rajasthans vom 17. bis zum 20. Jahrhundert  : Voraussetzungen, Entwicklungen, Veränderungen; mit besonderer Berücksichtigung kulturhistorischer Faktoren [Portraits in six Rajasthani principalities from the 17th to 20th centuries : preconditions, developments, changes, with special reference to cultural-historical factors] / von [by] Juliane Anna Lia Molitor. - 1985. 179 p. ISBN 3-515-04346-2

60 Photographs, Anmerkungen [notes] pp. 150-163, Literaturliste [bibliography] pp. 164-169, English summary pp. 170-173. Abbildungsverzeichnis [list of photographs] pp. 175-179.

Portraiture as the lifelike recognizable depiction of a living person was introduced to India by the Moghuls. Neither Persian Islamic art nor classical Hindu art knew portraiture : Islam forbade the depiction of human beings, and por-traits of kings in classical Hindu art are rather images of the conception of an ideal king having nothing to do with the actual appearance of historical persons. Emperor Jahangir (1605-1627) - stimulated by European examples - developed a marked preference for portraits. He had albums made, containing portraits of all his courtiers - in standardized poses but with individual features. The Rajput princes did not only adopt the examples set by the imperial court but often also lured painters from the Moghuls to their own court ateliers. These artists used to leave the Moghul court whenever a new emperor came into power. With the rise of the Krishna-cult of the Vallabhacharya sect at the end of the 18th century A.D., the style of portraiture changed. Lord Krishna's beauty and his consort Radha's loveliness were extolled in numerous poems and songs and illustrated in paintings. Portraits were idealized : large lotus-shaped eyes, elegantly curved eyebrows and decorative ornaments, such as curly hair, became more important than a characteristic feature. After 1860 A.D., the influence of European oil painting and photography increased and, finally, traditional portraiture gradually disappeared.

93 Bangladesh : era of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman / by Moudud Ahmed. - 1984. XI, 282 p. ISBN 3-515-04266-0

Appendix A : The Proclamation of Independence pp. 269-270, Appendix B : Laws Continuance Enforcement Order, 1972 p. 270, Appendix C : Provisional Constitution of Bangladesh Order, 1972 p. 271, Appendix D : Position Papers prepared by the Research Cell, External Publicity Division of the Bangladesh Government in Exile, June, 1971 pp. 272-274, Appendix E : Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Peace between The People's Republic of Bangladesh and The Republic of India pp. 274-275, index pp. 277-282.

In his first book (BSAF 41), the author described the movement leading to the independence of Bangladesh in 1971. He now takes up the history of the newly founded state and presents a comprehensive account of the first fateful years in which Bangladesh was ruled by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and his Awami League. The author puts emphasis on institutional developments, providing information on little known legal and administrative details. In conclusion, from personal knowledge and involvement, he presents a character portrait of Sheikh Mujib and an assessment of his historical role.

94 Die politische Stellung der Sikhs innerhalb der indischen Nationalbewegung, 1935-1947 [The political position of the Sikhs within the Indian National Movement, 1935-1947] / von [by] Christine Effenberg. - 1984. VI, 232 p.

ISBN 3-515-04284-9

Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 212-227, English summary pp. 228-232.

This book describes the political behaviour of different Sikh parties within the Indian national movement during the final phase of the Indian struggle for freedom, and their cooperation resp. non-cooperation with the representatives of the Hindus and Muslims, and the resulting influence on Independence in 1947. The historical development of Sikhism has been dealt with in order to clearly depict the transition from a religious to a political community. The 1936 elections in Panjab, on the basis of the 1935 law on the Indian government, induced the Sikhs to found new Sikh parties. The author discusses politics in Panjab during the period from 1935 to 1947, Indian participation in World War II after Britain's entry into the war, as well as both the Muslims' and the Sikhs' demand for separate independent states.

95 "Hir" : zur strukturalen Deutung des Panjabi-Epos von Waris Shah ["Hir" : on the structural analysis of the Panjabi epic by Waris Shah] / von [by] Doris Buddenberg. - 1985. VIII, 156 p. ISBN 3-515-04347-0

Map of Rajputana p. 139, 5 graphs pp. 140-144, Liste der Verwandtschaftsbezeichnungen des Textes [list of terms of lineage as used in the text] p. 145, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] pp. 147-151, English summary pp. 153-156, Faltkarte von [folded map of] Rajputana am Ende des Bandes [at the end of the volume].

This study deals with the description and interpretation of ideology concepts in Punjab (Pakistan) - male-female, individual-collective, legal norms-sensuality - which are structurally analyzed on the basis of a Panjabi epic poem. A breakdown of the spatial code demonstrates the anti-thetic conception of the nature of men and women; they complement each other through characteristics in the oppositional semantic field thus enabling a transgression of boundaries. The ideological contents of the kinship code centres around the category of the brother who turns out to be the worldly protector of the norm. The religious exaggeration of categories such as individual and collective are discussed with regard to Durkheim's theses. The symbolism of the heroes is analyzed and the text itself is then confirmed as a sociological charter.

96 Dialectics and dream : an evaluation of Bishnu Dey's poetry in the light of Neo-Marxian aesthetics / by Subhoranjan Dasgupta. - 1987. X, 273 p.

ISBN 3-515-05134-1

Bibliography pp. 244-262, notes on Indian men of letters pp. 263-267, glossary of non-English terms pp. 268-269, glossary of Indian terms pp. 270 to 273.

For the first time, the writings of a modern Indian lyricist are analyzed with regard to the principles and postulates of neo-Marxist aesthetics. This study adroitly and critically covers two spheres : the literary theories of Adorno, Goldmann, della Volpe, Marcuse and the creativity of Bishnu Dey, next to Tagore, one of the most important poets of Bengal. The author presents a dialogue between critique and creativity and a comparative study of literature.

97 Das Tor zur Unterwelt : Mythologie und Kult des Termitenhügels in der schriftlichen und mündlichen Tradition Indiens / von Ditte König. - 1984. XII, 389 p. ISBN 3-515-04410-8

1 Tafel am Ende des Bandes [plate at the end of the volume] : Amarvat-Relief, Anhang : Mythen [Appendix : myths] pp. 266-277, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography] : Primärquellen [primary sources] pp. 278-289, Sekundärliteratur [secondary literature] pp. 290-328, Sammelwerke, Lexika, Wörterbücher [anthologies, lexicographical works, dictionaries] pp. 329-332, Index der Primärquellen [index of primary sources] pp. 333-337, Index der indischen Termini [index of Indian terms] pp. 338-344, Sach- und Namenindex [index of subjects and names] pp. 345-382, English summary pp. 383-389.

This book presents the first comprehensive description of a cult spread all over India, The worship of ants, termites and termite hills has been analyzed on the basis of both primary and secondary literature, demonstrating that the worship applies to all major fields of life. Numerous examples show the different aspects of the cult, its embedment in mythology and its significance for the spiritual and religious life of the population. The author pays special attention to the symbolism of certain recurring motives emphasized by recourse to parallel phenomena in other religions and cultures.

98 Religionspolitik in Britisch-Indien 1793-1813 : christliches Sendungsbewusstsein und Achtung hinduistischer Tradition im Widerstreit [Religious politics in British India 1793 1813 : Christian conviction of misssion and repect for Hindu tradition and antagomism] / von [by] Cornelia Witz. - 1985. VIII, 137 p. ISBN 3-515-04527-9

Bibliographie [bibliography] pp. 117-127, Personen-, Orts- und Sachregister [index of persons, places and subjects] pp. 128-130, English summary pp. 131-137.

The author analyses the religious policy in British India from 1793 to 1813. In the centre of the study, the twenty year long efforts of the Protestant "Clapham Sect" towards establishing Christian missionary activities in India, are described as well as the dispute over the British administration of the Jagannth Temple in Orissa. Here, the contrast between the political aims of the missionary movement and the traditionalistic policy of the East India Company are described with regard to the different interest groups, the public and parliament.

99 Landschenkungen und staatliche Entwicklung im frühmittelalterlichen Bengalen (5. bis 13. Jh. n. Chr.) [Land grants and state formation in early medieval Bengal (5th - 13th century A.D.] / von [by] Swapna Bhattacharya. - 1985. XIV, 171 p. ISBN 3-515-04534-1

Quellen [sources] : Veröffentlichte Kupfertafel-Inschriften  : Inschriften im Dacca-Museum [published copper plate inscriptions in the Dacca Museum] p. 129, sonstige Inschriften [other inscriptions] p. 130, Zeitgenössische literarische Quellen [contemporary literary sources] p. 130, Literaturverzeichnis [bibliography]] pp. 131-143.

Anhang [Appendix] I : Aus Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Diplomata Bd. 27. Die Urkunden Konrad I. [,] Heinrich I. und Otto I. bearbeitet von Theodor Sickel u.a., Hannover 1879-1884, pp. 93-94 [From Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Diplomata Vol. 27]. The documents of Konrad I. [,] Heinrich I and Otto I., edited by Theodor Sickel et al., Hannover 1879-1884] pp. 144-145, Anhang [Appendix] II : The Mungir plate of Devapaladeva, samvat 33 by Lionel D. Barnett pp. 146-148, [Liste von 80 Inschriften mit ihren Fundorten (List of 80 inscriptions with their finding places)] pp. 150-161, Karte von Bengalen, 5.-13. Jh. n. Chr. [Map of Bengal, 5th to 13th century A.D.] p. 162, English summary pp. 163-171.

This book deals with land grants and several aspects of state formation in early medieval Bengal in the period covering the 5th to the 13th centuries : geographical reasons for the fragmentation of early political power; spread of royal control through land grants to Brahmins, temples and Buddhist monasteries; control and resistance by allodial princes. On the basis of a detailed comparative examination of a Bengal and an Ottonian land grant, the author points out the limited applicability of the concept of feudalism to early medieval history.

100 Vijayanagara : city and empire : new currents of research / edited by Anna Libera Dallapiccola in collaboration with Stephanie Zingel-Avé Lallemant. - 1985. ISBN 3-515-04554-6

Vol.1. Texts. - XIII, 439 p., index pp. 403-439.

Vol.2. Reference and documentation. - X, 221 p.

These two volumes are the output of the international conference on "The kingdom of Vijayanagar" held at Heidelberg from July 12th to 16th, 1983. The aim of the conference was to take stock of current research on Vijayanagara since the memorable sexcentenary meeting at Dharwad, 1936. The amount of material collected in the last few years, especially thanks to the work of the Department of Archaeology and Museums of the State of Karnataka, the Archaeological Survey of India and, last but not least, to the volunteers' team headed by Drs. J. Fritz and G. Michell, constitutes the hard core of factual evidence around which the papers presented revolve. The new discoveries at the site were an incentive to re-think the purport of this most important period of Indian history and culture, all too often dismissed as "decadent". The new finds and the thought-provoking comments of the experts usher in a new era in the long neglected Vijayanagara Studies. The value of the book is enhanced by the rich documentation material collected in the second volume and a comprehensive index.

From the table of contents :

Vol. 1. Texts

Frontispiece : Ugra Narasimha

Foreword pp. VII-VIII.

Editorial note p. XIII.

Burton Stein : The problematical "Kingdom of Vijayanara" pp. 1-4.

Job Thomas : Developments in Tamil Nadu during the Vijayanagara period pp. 5-40, notes and references pp. 26-38, Table 1 : Temples of Rjarja I's reign p. 39, Table 2 : Monuments built by Pallava and Ca rulers p. 40.

Carol Appadurai Breckenridge : Social storage and the extension of agricultue in South India, 1350-1750 pp. 41-72, notes and references pp. 64-72.

Burton Stein : Vijayanagara and the transition to patrimonial systems pp. 73 to 87, notes and references pp. 83-87.

Shishir Kumar Panda : The Krishna-Godavari delta : a bone of contention between the Gajapatis of Orissa and the Ryas of Vijayanagara pp. 88-96, notes and references pp. 94-96.

Julie Hamper Hiebert : Sanskrit poetry by three Vijayanagara queens pp. 97 to 100, notes and references p. 100.

Sindigi Rajasekhara : Inscriptions and Vijayanagara pp. 101-119, notes and references pp.112-116, inscriptions at Vijayanagara pp. 117-119.

Hermann Kulke : Mahrjas, mahants and historians : reflections on the histo-riography of early Vijayanagara and Sringeri pp. 120-143, notes and references pp. 137-143.

Günther D. Sontheimer : Folk deities in the Vijayanagara empire : Narasiha and Mallaa/Mailr pp. 144-158, notes and references pp. 152-158.

K[ursheed] K[amal] Aziz : Glimpses of Muslim culture in the Deccan pp. 159 to 176, Appendix : Muslim dynasties of the Deccan, 1347-1687 pp. 175-176, contemporary sources p. 176.

Annemarie Schimmel : Deccani art and culture pp. 177-187.

Catherine B. Asher : Islamic influence and the architecture of Vijayanagara pp. 188-195, notes and references pp. 192-195.

George Michell : A never fotgotten city pp. 196-207, references pp. 204-207.

M. S. Nagaraja Rao : Research at Vijayanagara 1979-1983 pp. 208-215, notes and references pp. 214-215.

Carla M. Sinopoli : The earthenware pottery of Vijayanagara : documentation and interpretation pp. 216-228, 11 figs., bibliography p. 228.

C. S. Patil : Palace architecture at Vijayanagara : the new excavations pp. 229 to 239, bibliography p. 239.

John Fritz : Features and layout of Vijayanagara : the royal centre pp. 240 to 256, bibliography pp. 155-256.

John Fritz : Was Vijayanagara a "cosmic city"? pp. 257-273, 7 figs., references pp. 271-273.

George Michell : Architectural traditions at Vijayanagara I : temple styles pp. 274-281.

George Michell : Architectural traditions at Vijayanagara II : Islamic styles pp. 282-286.

Klaus Fischer : Ancient Asian building techniques in Hindu and Muslim structures of the Vijayanagara empire and in subsequent Indo-Islamic monuments pp. 297-295, 8 figs., notes and references pp. 293-295.

Pierre Filliozat : Techniques and chronology of construction in the temple of Vihala at Hampi pp. 296-307, notes and references pp. 306-307.

Vasundhara Filliozat : Iconogaphy : religious and civil monuments pp. 308 to 316, notes and references pp. 315-316.

Klaus Fischer : Iconology of devat and devads, tapasvin and Mohin, graavidhi and mithuna on some maapa pillars from the Vijayanagara period onward? pp. 317-325, notes and references pp. 322-325.

Regine Pachner : Paintings in the temple of Vrabhadra at Lepakshi pp. 326 to 343, 2 figs., notes and references pp. 339-343.

Elke Löschhorn : Vijayanagara : as seen by European visitors pp. 344-353, notes and references pp. 350-353.

Attilio Petruccioli : Fathpur Sikri : urban forms and Mughal life pp. 354-361, notes and references pp. 360-361.

Niels Gutschow : Courtyard buildings in Nepal : the palaces, temples and monasteries of the Newars pp. 362, 8 figs., notes and references pp. 377 to 379.

Reinhard Herdick : Urban residential quarters of the Newar in Nepal : a symbolic and spatial-social unit pp. 380-398, 10 figs., notes and references pp. 396-398.

T. Richard Blurton : The exhibition "Where kings and gods meet : the royal centre at Vijayanagara" pp. 399-401.

Vol. 2 : Reference and documentation

Chronological bibliography of Vijayanagara research pp. 1-8.

Sindigi Rajasekhara : Vijayanagara studies : a bibliography pp. 9-65.

List of drawings related to the articles pp. 67-68.

Drawings related to the articles pp. 69-130.

List of maps p. 131.

Maps pp. 132-138.

List of photographs related to the articles pp. 139-144.

Snehal Shah : Introduction to 'A Vijayanagara portfolio' pp. 145-147.

List of photographs presented in the Vijayanagara portfolio pp. 148-149.

The authors/the editors pp. 150-155.

Photographs related to the articles pp. 157-198.

A Vijayanagara portfolio pp. 199-221.

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