Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg

Ritualbibliographie Südasien

Axel Michaels

Die Ritualforschung - Versuch eines Literaturüberblicks


Südasien (Indien, Nepal, Sri Lanka etc.)


IND 1. Sammelbände, Nachschlagewerke, Einführungen

IND 1.1 Anthologien, Reader

IND 1.2 Sammelbände

Kloppenborg, Ria and Dirk Jan Hoens. Selected Studies on Ritual in the Indian Religions: Essays to D.J. Hoens. Studies in the History of Religions, no. 24. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1983.

Rose, H. A. Rites and Ceremonies of Hindus and Muslims. New Delhi: Amar Prakashan, 1983.

Strickmann, Michael (ed.). Classical Asian rituals and the theory of ritual. Berlin: 1986.


IND 1.3 Geschichte der Ritualforschung

IND 1.4 Empirische/Philologische Studien

Clothey, Fred W. Rhythm and Intent: Ritual Studies From South India. Madras: Blackie & Son Publishers, 1983.

Diehl, Carl Gustav. Instrument and Purpose: Studies on Rites and Rituals in South India. Lund: Gleerup, 1956.

Ghosh, Pika, Edward C. Dimock and Michael W. Meister. Cooking for the Gods: The Art of Home Ritual in Bengal. Newark, N.J.: Newark Museum, 1995.

Hancock, Mary Elizabeth. Womanhood in the Making: Domestic Ritual and Public Culture in Urban South India. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1999.

Jamison, Stephanie W. The Ravenous Hyenas and the Wounded Sun: Myth and Ritual in Ancient India. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Kapur, Tribhuwan. Religion and Ritual in Rural India: A Case Study in Kumaon. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1988.

McDonald, Merryle Ann. Caring Women: Gender, Power and Ritual in Gujurati Households in East London. London: Univ., 1993 [Ph.D. thesis].

Mookerjee, Ajit. The Tantric Way: Art, Science, Ritual. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.

Nayar, Rina. Caste, Rituals and Strategies. London: University of London, 1977.

Ortner, Sherry B. Sherpas through their Rituals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Tewari, Laxmi G. A Splendor of Worship: Women's Fasts, Rituals, Stories and Art. New Delhi: Manohar, 1991.

Tull, Herman Wayne. The Vedic Origins of Karma: Cosmos As Man in Ancient Indian Myth and Ritual. SUNY Series in Hindu Studies. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989.

IND 1.4.1 Hinduismus

Bühnemann, Gudrun. Puja. A Study in Smarta Ritual. Wien: Institut für Indologie der Universität Wien, 1999.

Collins, Charles Dillard. The Iconography and Ritual of Siva at Elephanta. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988.

Damodarapandita and Marques-Rivire. Rituel de magie tantrique hindoue: Yantra chintamani (Le joyau des Yantras). Milano: Arche, 1976.

Davis, Richard H. Ritual in an Oscillating Universe. Worshipping Shiva in Medieval India. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.

Einoo, Shingo. "Changes in Hindu Ritual: With a Focus on the Morning Service." Senri Ethnological Studies 36 (1993): 197-237.

________. "The Formation of the Puja Ceremony." Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik 20 (1996), 73-87.

Erndl, Kathleen M. Victory to the Mother: The Hindu Goddess of Northwest India in Myth, Ritual, and Symbol. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Hancock, Mary Elizabeth. Women At Work: Ritual and Cultural Identity Among Smarta Brahmans of Madras. Ann Arbor, Mich: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1990.

Hiltebeitel, Alf. The Cult of Draupadi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Joshi, Rasik Vihari. Le rituel de la devotion Krsnaite. Pondichéry: Institut Français d'Indologie, 1959.

Leslie, Julia (ed.). Roles and Rituals for Hindu Women. London: Pinter, 1991.

Michael, R. Blake. The Origins of Virasaiva Sects: A Typological Analysis of Ritual and Associational Patterns in the Sunyasampadane. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1992.

Pearson, Anne Mackenzie. Because it Gives Me Peace of Mind: Ritual Fasts in the Religious Lives of Hindu Women. McGill Studies in the History of Religions. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996.

Ra, Bidyutlat. Jagannatha Cult: Origin, Rituals, Festivals, Religion, and Philosphy: A Critical Study of Sthala Purana "Niladri Mahodayam". Delhi: Kant Publications, 1998.

Saraswati, Baidyanath. Brahmanic Ritual Traditions in the Crucible of Time. Studies in Indian and Asian Civilizations. Simla: Indian Institute of Advanced Study, 1977.

Tachikawa, Musashi. "A Hindu Worship Service in Sixteen Steps, Shodasa-Upacara-Puja." Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology 8 (1983): 104-186.

Tripathi, Gaya Charan. The Ritual of Founding a Brahmin Village: A Description of the Ceremony of Establishing an Brahmana-sasana in Orissa on the Basis of an Unpublished Manuscript. Delhi: GDK, 1981.

IND 1.4.2 Buddhismus

Gellner, David N. Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and Its Hierarchy of Ritual. Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Jansen, Eva Rudy. The Book of Buddhas: Ritual Symbolism Used on Buddhist Statuary and Ritual Objects. Diever, Holland: Binkey Kok, 1990.

Lee, Kwangsu. Buddhist Ideas and Rituals in Early India and Korea. New Delhi: Manohar, 1998.

Kalupahana, David J. Buddhist Thought and Ritual. New York: Paragon House, 1991.

Pozdneev, Aleksei Matveevich and John Richard Krueger. Religion and Ritual in Society: Lamaist Buddhism in Late 19th-Century Mongolia. Publications of the Mongolia Society. Occasional Papers, no. 10. Bloomington, Ind.: The Mongolia Society, 1978.

Scott, David. Formations of Ritual: Colonial and Anthropological Discourses on the Sinhala Yaktovil. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

Simpson, William. The Buddhist Praying-Wheel: A Collection of Material Bearing Upon the Symbolism of the Wheel and Circular Movements in Custom and Religious Ritual. London, New York: Macmillan, 1896.

Trainor, Kevin. Relics, Ritual, and Representation in Buddhism: Rematerializing the Sri Lankan Theravada Tradition. Cambridge Studies in Religious Traditions. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.


IND 1.4.3 Jainismus

Ascetics and Kings in a Jain Ritual Culture. Comparative Studies in Religion and Society. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1996.

Caillat, Colette. Atonements in the Ancient Ritual of the Jaina Monks. L.D. Series, 49. Ahmedabad: L.D. Institute of Indology, 1975.

Humphrey, Caroline and James Laidlaw. The Archetypal Actions of Ritual. A Theory of Ritual Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.

IND 1.4.4 Islam

Ahmad, Imtiaz. Ritual and Religion Among Muslims in India. New Delhi: Manohar, 1981.

Mehta, Dipaka. Work, Ritual, Biography: A Muslim Community in North India. Delhi, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Ritual & Religion Among Muslims of the Sub-Continent. Lahore: Vanguard Books, 1985.

IND 1.4.5 Christentum

Visvanathan, Susan. The Christians of Kerala: History, Belief and Ritual Among the Yakoba. Madras, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

IND 1.5.6 Andere

Niyogi, Tushar K. Aspects of Folk Cults in South Bengal. Memoir, no. 74. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India, 1987.

Parratt, Saroj Nalini. The Religion of Manipur: Beliefs, Rituals and Historical Development. Calcutta: Firma KLM, 1980.

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IND 2. Theorie der Rituale

IND 2.1 Allgemeine Werke zur Theorie des Rituals, Überblicke, Definitionen

Abbott, John. Indian Ritual and Belief: The Keys of Power. New Delhi: Usha, 1984.

Boyd, James W. and Ron G. Williams. Review of The Archetypal Actions of Ritual: A Theory Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship, by Caroline Humphrey and James Laidlaw. In Journal of Ritual Studies 10 (1996): 135-138.

Gellner, David N. Monk, Householder, and Tantric Priest: Newar Buddhism and Its Hierarchy of Ritual. Cambridge Studies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Göhler, Lars. Zu philosophisch-methodologischen Grundlagen der Erforschung des vedischen Opferrituals. Frankfurt/M., New York: Peter Lang, 1990.

Gombrich, Richard F. (ed.). Indian Ritual and Its Exegesis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Heesterman, J. C. The Inner Conflict of Tradition: Essays in Indian Ritual, Kingship, and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Heesterman, J. C., A. W. van den Hoek, D. H. A. Kolff and M. S. Oort. Ritual, State, and History in South Asia: Essays in Honour of J.C. Heesterman. Leiden, New York: E.J. Brill, 1992.

Humphrey, Caroline and James Laidlaw. The Archetypal Actions of Ritual. A Theory of Ritual Illustrated by the Jain Rite of Worship. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994.

Kölver, Bernhard. Ritual und historischer Raum: zum indischen Geschichtsverständnis. Schriften des Historischen Kollegs: Vorträge. München: Stiftung Historisches Kolleg, 1993.

Malamoud, Charles. Cooking the World: Ritual and Thought in Ancient India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Michaels, Axel. Der Hinduismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart. München: C. H. Beck, 1998.

________. Ritual und Gesellschaft in Indien. Ein Essay. Frankfurt/M.: Verlag Neue Kritik, 1986.

Smith, Brian K. Reflections on Resemblance, Ritual, and Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Strickmann, Michael (ed.). Classical Asian rituals and the theory of ritual. Berlin: 1986.

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IND 2.2 Funktionalistische Theorien

IND 2.2.1 Soziologische Theorien

Bhattacharyya, Narendra Nath. Ancient Indian Rituals and Their Social Contents. 2nd rev. and enl. ed. New Delhi: Manohar, 1996.

Bhattacharyya, Swapan Kumar. Farmers, Rituals, and Modernization: A Sociological Study. Calcutta: Minerva Associates (Publications), 1976.

Das, Veena. Structure and Cognition: Aspects of Hindu Caste and Ritual. 2nd ed. Delhi, New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Killingley, D. H., Werner Menski and Shirley Firth. Hindu Ritual and Society. Newcastle upon Tyne, England: S. Y. Killingley, 1991.

Mahapatra, Sitakant. Modernization and Ritual: Identity and Change in Santal Society. Calcutta: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Malakar, K.P. Inter-Communities Relations Through Castes, Rituals & Marriages. Calcutta:, 1979.

Manna, Sibendu. Mother Goddess Candi: Its Socio Ritual Impact on the Folk Life. Calcutta: Punthi Pustak, 1993.

Mathur, Kripa Shanker. Caste and Ritual in a Malwa Village. New York: Asia Pub. House, 1964.

Mayer, Adrian C. Caste and Ritual Status. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1960.

Pfaff-Czarnecka, Joanna. Macht und rituelle Reinheit: hinduistisches Kastenwesen und ethnische Beziehungen im Entwicklungsprozess Nepals. Grusch: Verlag Ruegger, 1989.

Saraf, Samarendra. Hindu Caste System and the Ritual Idiom. Delhi: Mittal Publications, 1986.

Sen, Chandra. Ritual Complex and Social Structure in Jaunsar Bawar. Census of India 1971. Miscellaneous Series / India. Office of the Registrar. New Delhi: The Office, 1971.

Tapper, Bruce Elliot. Rivalry and Tribute: Society and Ritual in a Telugu Village in South India. Studies in Sociology and Social Anthropology. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp., 1987.

IND 2.2.2 Psychologische Theorien

Bhattacharya, N. N. Indian Puberty Rites. Calcutta: Mukherjee, 1968.

Good, Anthony. The Female Bridegroom: A Comparative Study of Life Crisis Rituals in South India and Sri Lanka. Oxford: Clarendon, 1991.

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IND 2.3 Bedeutungstheorien

Grappard, Allan G. Review of Rules Without Meaning. Ritual, Mantras and the Human Sciences, by Frits Staal. Religion 21 (1991): 207-212.

Mack, Burton. "Staal's Gauntlet and the Queen." Religion 21 (1991): 213-218.

Michaels, Axel. "Le rituel pour le rituel? Oder wie sinnlos sind Rituale?" In: Corinna Caduff and Joanna Pfaff-Czarnecka (Hg.). Rituale heute. Berlin: Dietrich Reimers, 1998: 23-47.

Sanderson, Alexis. "Meaning in Tantric Ritual." In: Anne-Marie Blondeau and Kristofer Schiper (eds.). Essais sur le rituel III. Louvain-Paris: Peeters, 1995: 10-95.

Smith, Brian K. Review of Rules Without Meaning. Ritual, Mantras and the Human Sciences, by Frits Staal. Journal of Ritual Studies 5 (1991): 141-143.

Staal, Frits. "From Meaning to Trees." Journal of ritual studies 7 (1993): 11-32.

________. Jouer avec le feu. Pratique et théorie du rituel Védique. Publications de l'Institute de Civilisation Indienne. Paris: Collège de France, 1990.

________. "The Meaninglessness of Ritual." Numen 26 (1979): 2-22.

________. "Professor Schechner's Passion for Goats." Journal of Asian Studies 46, no. 1 (1987): 105-108.

________. Rules Without Meaning. Ritual, Mantras and the Human Sciences. New York: Peter Lang, 1990.

________. "Within Ritual, About Ritual and Beyond." Religion 21 (1991): 227-234.

Strenski, Ivan. Review of Rules Without a Meaning, by Frits Staal. In Religion 21 (1991): 219-225.

Thompson, George. "On Mantras and Frits Staal." Journal of Ritual Studies 9, no. 2 (1997): 23-44.

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IND 2.4 Handlungstheorien

IND 2.4.1 Performanztheorien

Appadurai, Arjun et al. (eds.). Gender, Genre, and Power in South Asian Expressive Traditions. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

Ashley, Wayne. Recodings, Ritual, Theatre, and Political Display in Kerala State, South India. 1993.

Baumer, Rachel Van M. and James R. Brandon. Sanskrit Drama in Performance. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1981.

Basso, E. B. A Musical View of the Universe: Kalapalo Myth and Ritual Performance. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1985.

Flueckiger, Joyce Burkhalter and Laurie J. Sears (eds.). Boundaries of the Text: Epic Performances in South and Southeast Asia. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 1991.

Kapferer, Bruce. "The Ritual Process and the Problem of Reflexivity in Sinhalese Demon Exorcisms." In: John J. MacAloon (ed.). Rite, Drama, Festival, Spectacle. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues, 1984: 179-207.

________. "Ritual Process and the Transformation of Context." Social Analysis, no. Special Issue: the Power of Ritual (1979).

Schechner, Richard. Performative Circumstances, from the Avant Garde to Ramlila. Calcutta: Seagull Books, 1983.

IND 2.4.2 Prozessualität und Transformation

IND 2.4.3 Interaktionstheorien

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IND 2.5 Theorien zu Text und Ritual

IND 2.5.1 Texttheorien

Allen, Nicholas J. "Sewala Puja Bintila Puja: Notes on Thulung Ritual Language. In Kailash 6 , no. 4 (1978), 237-256.

Alper, Harvey P. (ed.). Mantra. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Csordas, Thomas. "The Rhetoric of Transformation in Ritual Healing". Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 7 (1983): 333-376.

Dange, Sindhu S. Aspects of Speech in Vedic Ritual. New Delhi: Aryan Books International, 1996.

Fox, J.J. (ed.). To Speak in Pairs: Essays on the Ritual Languages of Eastern Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

Gonda, Jan. Prayer and Blessing: Ancient Indian Ritual Terminology. Orientalia Rheno-Traiectina. Leiden, New York: E.J. Brill, 1989.

________. The Ritual Sutras. A History of Indian Literature, Vol 1: Veda and Upanishads, Fasc. 2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1977.

Hillebrandt, Alfred. Ritualliteratur. Straßburg: Karl J. Trübner, 1897.

Kuipers, Joel. Power in Performance. The Creation of Textual Authority in Weyewa Ritual Speech. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.

McDowell, J. H. "The Semiotic Constitution of Kamsa Ritual Language, Language in Society." Journal article, (1983).

Padoux, André. "Mantra - What Are They?" In: Harvey P. Alper (ed.). Mantra. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989: 295-318.

Smith, Frederick M. "A recent history of vedic ritual in Maharashtra", in Vidyaar.navavandanam : Essays in
Honour of Asko Parpola, ed. by Klaus Karttunen and Petteri Koskikallio (Studia Orientalia 94), Helsinki, 2001, pp. 443-463

IND 2.5.2 Semiotische Theorien

IND 2.5.3 Kommunikationstheorien

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IND 2.6 Ethologische Theorien, Ritualisierung

IND 3. Typologie der Rituale

IND 3.1 Lebenzyklische Rituale (Rites de passage im engeren Sinne)

Chatterjee, Heramba. Studies in Some Aspects of Hindu Samskaras in Ancient India in the Light of Samskaratattva of Raghunandana. Calcutta: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1967.

Duvvury, Vasumathi K. Play, Symbolism, and Ritual: A Study of Tamil Brahmin Women's Rites of Passage. American University Studies. Series XI, Anthropology and Sociology. New York: Peter Lang, 1991.

Freed, Ruth S. Rites of Passage in Shanti Nagar. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1980.

Kane, P. V. History of Dharmasastra: Ancient and Mediaeval Religious and Civil Law in India. 5 Vols. Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 1968-.

Kapani, Lakshmi. La notion de Samskara dans l'Inde brahmanique et bouddhique. Paris: Boccard, 1992-1993.

Pandey, Rajbali. Hindu Samskaras. Socio-Religious Study of the Hindu Sacraments. Reprint. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1998.

Suezoshi, Toba. Rites of Passage: An Aspect of Rai Culture. Kathmandu: Royal Nepal Academy, 1992.

Thompson, Catherine Susannah. Ritual States in the Lifecycles of Hindu Women in a Village of Central India. London: SOAS, 1984 [Ph. D. thesis].


IND 3.1.1 Geburt

Blanchet, Thérèse. Meanings and Rituals of Birth in Rural Bangladesh: Women, Pollution and Marginality. Dhaka: University Press, n.d.

Chawla, Janet. Child-Bearing and Culture: Women Centered Revisioning of the Traditional Midwife, the Dai as a Ritual Practitioner. New Delhi: Indian Social Institute, 1994.


IND 3.1.2 Initiation

Fuller, C. J. "Initiation and Consecration: Priestly Rituals in a South Indian Temple." In: Richard Burghart and Audrey Cantlie (eds.). Indian Religion. London: Curzon Press, 1985.

Prasad, P. C. The Upanayana: The Hindu Ceremonies of the Sacred Thread. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1997.

Smith, Brian K. "Ritual, Knowledge, and Being. Initiation and Veda Study in Ancient India." Numen 38 (1986): 65-89.

Stevenson, Sinclair. The Rites of the Twice-Born. Reprint. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1971.

Wilhelm, Friedrich. Prüfung und Initiation im Buche Pausya und in der Biographie des Naropa. Münchener indologische Studien, Bd. 3. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1965.


IND 3.1.3 Heirat

Allen, N. J. "Thulung Weddings: The Hinduisation of a Ritual Cycle in East Nepal". L'ethnographie.83, No.100-101 (1987): 15-33.

Chatterjee, Chanchal Kumar. Studies in the Rites and Rituals of Hindu Marriage in Ancient India. Calcutta: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1978.

Chatterji, Suniti Kumar. A Shortened Arya Hindu Vedic Wedding and Initiation Ritual. Calcutta: S.K. Chatterji, 1976.

Fruzzetti, Lina. The Gift of a Virgin: Women, Marriage, and Ritual in a Bengali Society. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1982.

Hussain Khan, C. G. Marriage and Kinship Among Muslims in South India. Jaipur: Rawat Publ., 1994.

Kapur, Suresh. Scheduled Tribes of Himachal Pradesh: Marriage and Divorce Customs. New Delhi: Navrang, 1993.

Michaels, Axel. Der Hinduismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart. München: C. H. Beck, 1998.

Sengupta, Nilakshi. Evolution of Hindu Marriage: With Special Reference to Rituals: C. 1000 B.C. -A.D. 500. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1965.

Thomas, Paul. Kaama Kalpa, or The Hindu Ritual of Love: A Survey of the Customs, Festivals, Rituals and Beliefs Concerning Marriage, Morals Women, the Art and Science of Love and Sex Symbolism in Religion in India From Remote Antiquity to the Present Day, Based on Ancient Sanskrit Classics, Kama Sutra, Ananga Ranga, Rati Rahasya, and Modern Works. 12th Indian ed. Bombay: D.B. Taraporevala, 1960.


IND 3.1.4 Tod und Ahnenkult

Caland, Willem. Die altindischen Todten- und Bestattungsgebräuche. Amsterdam: Müller, 1896.

Donner, Otto. Pindapitryajna, das Manenopfer mit Klössen bei den Indern. Abhandlung aus dem vedischen Ritual. Berlin, S. Calvary & Co., 1870.

Evison, Gillian. Indian Death Rituals: The Enactment of Ambivalence. Oxford: Oxford University, 1989 [Unveröff. Diss.].

Firth, Shirley. Dying, Death and Bereavement in a British Hindu Community. New Religious Identities in the Western World. Leuven: Peeters, 1997.

Fisch, Jörg. Tödliche Rituale. Die indische Witwenverbrennung und andere Formen der Totenfolge. Frankfurt/M: Campus Verlag, 1998.

Herdick, Reinhard. Death Ritual in Kirtipur in Relation to Urban Space. Sankt Augustin: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag, 1987.

Knipe, David M. "Sapindikarana: The Hindu Rite of Entry into Heaven." In: F. E. Reynolds and E. H. Waugh (eds.). Religious Encounters with Death: Insights From the History and Anthropology of Religions. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1976: 111-124.

Michaels, Axel. Der Hinduismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart. München: C. H. Beck, 1998.

Müller, Klaus-Werner. Das brahmanische Totenritual nach der Antyestipaddhati des Narayanabhatta. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1992.

Poleman, Horace Irvin. The Preta Concept in Hindu Thought and Ritual. s.l.: 1945.

Quayle, Brendan, Peter Phillimore and Anthony Good. Hindu Death and the Ritual Journey. Working Papers in Social Anthropology. Durham: Department of Anthropology, University of Durham, 1980.

Settar, S. Inviting Death: Indian Attitude Towards the Ritual Death. Monographs and Theoretical Studies in Sociology and Anthropology in Honour of Nels Anderson. Leiden, New York: E.J. Brill, 1989.

Shastri, Dakshina R. Origin and Development of the Rituals of Ancestor Worship in India. Calcutta: Bookland, 1963.


IND 3.1.5 Andere (Hausbau, Schwellenrituale)

IND 3.2 Religiöse Rituale

IND 3.2.1 Tempelrituale

Bennett, Peter. The Path of Grace: Social Organisation and Temple Worship in a Vaishnava Sect. Delhi: Hindustan Pub. Corp., 1993.

Bentor, Yael. The Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Consecration Ritual for Stupas, Images, Books and Temples. Ann Arbor: UMI, 1991.

Boner, Alice and Sadasiv Ratt. Sharma. New Light on the Sun Temple of Koparka: Four Unpublished Manuscripts Relating to Construction History and Ritual of This Temple. Jatkrishnadas-Krishnadas Prachyavidya Granthamaia. Varanasi: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, 1972.

Burgess, James. The Ritual of the Temple of Ramesvaram in Southern India. Bombay: Education Society Press, 1884.

Clothey, Fred W.: Rhythm and Intent: Ritual Studies from South India. Madras: Blackie & son Publishers, 1983.

Dasa, Asimakrishna. Evening Blossoms: The Temple Tradition of Sanjhi in Vrndavana. The Vraja Prakalpa Series. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers, 1996.

Fuller, C. J. "Initiation and Consecration: Priestly Rituals in a South Indian Temple." In: Richard Burghart and Audrey Cantlie (eds.). Indian Religion. London: Curzon Press, 1985.

Giteau, Madeleine. Le bornage rituel des temples bouddhiques au Cambodge. Publications De L' École Française Publications, no. 68. Paris: École française d'Extrême-Orient, 1969.

Marglin, Frederique Apffel. Wives of the God-King: The Rituals of the Devadasis of Puri. Delhi, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Michaels, Axel. Die Reisen der Gotter: der nepalische Pasupatinatha-Tempel und sein rituelles Umfeld. Bonn: VGH Wissenschaftsverlag, 1994.

Narasimha Reddy, D. A Study of Some Minor Temple Festivals According to Pancaratra and Vaikhanasa Agamas. Tirupati: Padmasri Publications, 1983.

Tanaka, Masakazu. Sacrifice and Divine Power: Hindu Temple Rituals and Village Festivals in a Fishing Village, Sri Lanka. Londeon:, 1986 [Ph. D. thesis].


IND 3.2.2 Prozessionen, Wallfahrt

Bharati, Agehananda. "Pilgrimage in the Indian Tradition". History of Religions 3 (1963): 135-167.

Bhardwaj, Surinder M. Hindu Places of Pilgrimage in India. Berkeley: Univers. of California Press, 1973.

Eck, Diana L. "Indiaís Tirthas: ëCrossingsë in Sacred Geography. Purana 22 (1980): 81 ñ 101.

Ensink, Jacob. "Problems of the Study of Pilgrimage in India". Indologica Taurinensia 2 (1974): 57-79.

________. "Hindu Pilgrimage and Vedic Sacrifice". In: Ludwik Sternbach Felicitation Volume. Lucknow: Akhila Bharatiya Sanskrit Parishad, 1981: 105-117.

Morinis, E. Alan. Pilgrimage in the Hindu Tradition: A Case Study of West Bengal. Oxford University South Asian Studies Series. Delhi, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Narayana Bhatta. The Bridge to the Three Holy Cities = The Samanya-Praghattaka of Narayana Bhatta's Tristhalisetu. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1985.

Pfaffenberger, Bryan. "The Kataragama Pilgrimage: Hindu-Buddhist Interaction and ist Significance in Sri Lankas Polytheistic Social System. Journal of Asian Studies 38 (1979): 235-70.

Rösel, Jakob. "Pilger und Tempelpriester: indische Wallfahrtsorganistationen dargestellt am Beispiel der südostindischen Tempelstätte Puri". Internationales Asienforum 7 (1976): 322-353.

Salomon, Richard. "Tirtha-pratyamnayah: Ranking Hindu Pilgrimage sites in classical Sanskrit texts". ZDMG 129 (1979): 102-28.

Saraswati, Baidyanath. Traditions of Tirthas in India: The Anthropology of Hindu Pilgrimage. Man and Tradition Series. Varanasi: NK Bose Memorial Foundation, 1983.

Werbner, Richard. Ritual Passage, Sacred Journeys: the Process and Organization of Religious Movement. Manchester: Smithonian Institiution Press, Manchester University Press, 1989.


IND 3.2.3 Opferrituale

Belvalkar, Sripad Krishna. The Srauta Reader: Being a Selection of Brahamana and Other Texts Bearing on the Philosophy of Vedic Sacrifice. Poona: Bilvakunja Publishing House, 1934.

Bhattabhaskaramisra. The Vedic Sacrifice in Transition: A Translation and Study of the Trikandamandana of Bhaskara Misra. Bhandarkar Oriental Series, no. 22. Translated by Frederick M. Smith. Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 1987.

Bhattacharya, Dipak. Mythological and Ritual Symbolism: A Study with Reference to the Vedic and Tantric Agni. Calcutta: Sanskrit Pustak Bhandar, 1984.

Bodewitz, H. W. The Jyotistoma Ritual: Jaiminiya Brahmana I, 66-364. Orientalia Rheno-Traiectina. Leiden, New York: E.J. Brill, 1990.

Buitenen, J. A. B. van. The Pravargya, an Ancient Indian Iconic Ritual, Described and Annotated by J. A. B. Van Buitenen. Building Centenary and Silver Jubilee Series, no. 58. Poona: Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute, 1968.

Celvanayakam, Israyel. Vedic Sacrifice: Challenge and Response. New Delhi: Manohar, 1996.

Drury, Naama. The Sacrificial Ritual in the Satapatha Brahmana. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1981.

Göhler, Lars. Zu philosophisch-methodologischen Grundlagen der Erforschung des vedischen Opferrituals. Frankfurt/M., New York: Peter Lang, 1990.

Gonda, Jan. The Aghara Ritual of the Vaikhanasas. Pubblicazioni Di Indologica Taurinensia, no.12. Torino:Ed. Jollygrafica, 1981.

________. Vedic Ritual: The Non-Solemn Rites. Leiden, Köln: E.J. Brill, 1980.

Heesterman, J. C. The Broken World of Sacrifice: An Essay in Ancient Indian Ritual. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Heesterman, J.C. and M. Sparreboom. The Ritual of Setting Up the Sacrificial Fires According to the Vadhula School: Vadhulasrautasutra 1.1-1.4. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1989.

Humphrey, Caroline. "Some Aspects of the Jain Puja: The Idea of "God" and the Symbolism of Offerings." Cambridge Anthropology 9 (1985).

Jamison, Stephanie W. Sacrificed Wife. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Knipe, David M. "Stalking the Sacrifice." Journal of Asian Studies 45, no. 2 (1986): 355-358.

Kulakarni, Raghunatha Purushottama. Layout for Different Sacrifices According to Different Srauta Sutras. Delhi: Maharshi Sandipani Rashtriya Veda Vidya Pratishthan, 1997.

Mylius, Klaus. Wörterbuch des altindischen Rituals: mit einer Übersicht über das altindische Opferritual und einem Plan der Opferstätte. Wichtrach: Institut für Indologie, 1995.

Renou, Louis. Vocabulaire du rituel védique. Collection de vocabulaires techniques du Sanskrit, no. 1. Paris: C. Klincksieck, 1954.

Schneider, Ulrich. Der Somaraub des Manu. Mythus und Ritual. Freiburger Beiträge zur Indologie, Bd. 4. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1971.

Srautakosah: Encyclopaedia of Vedic Sacrificial Ritual Comprising the Two Complementary Sections, Namely the Sanskrit Section and the English Section. Poona: Vaidika Samsodhana Mandala, 1958.

Staal, Frits. AGNI: The Vedic Ritual of Fire Altar. Berkeley: Asian Humanities Press, 1983.

Staal, Frits and Richard Gardner. Altar of Fire (Film). Berkeley: University of California Extension, 1976.

Tachikawa, Musashi. "Homa in Vedic Ritual: The Structure of the Darsapurnamasa." Senri Ethnological Studies 36 (1993): 239-267.

Thompson, George. "On Truth-Acts in Vedic." Indo-Iranian Journal 41 (1998): 125-153.

Vesci, Uma Marina. Heat and Sacrifice in the Vedas. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1985.

________. Sacrifice and Its Sublimation Through the Word. Rtvik Ritualia. Delhi: Bharatiya Book Corporation, 1991.

Witzel, Michael. "Meaningful Ritual. Vedic, Medieval and Contemporary Concepts of the Nepalese Agnihotra Ritual." In: A. W. v.d. Hoek, D. H. A. Kolff and M. S. Oort (eds.). Ritual, State and History in South Asia. Essays in Honour of J. C. Heesterman. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1992: 774-827.


IND 3.2.4 Reinigungsrituale

Choksy, Jamsheed K. Purity and Pollution in Zoroastrianism: Triumph Over Evil. Austin, Tex.: University of Texas Press, 1989.

Harper, Edward B. "Ritual Pollution As an Integrator of Caste and Religion." Journal of Asian Studies 23 (1964): 151-197.


IND 3.3 Heilrituale, Besessenheit, Exorzismus

Bahulkar, S. S. Medical Ritual in the Atharvaveda Tradition. Shri Balmukund Sanskrit Mahavidyalaya Research Series, no. 8. Pune: Tilak Maharashtra Vidyapeeth, 1994.

Csordas, Thomas. "The Rhetoric of Transformation in Ritual Healing." Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry 7 (1983): 333-376.

Day, Sophia Elizabeth. Embodying Spirits: Village Oracles and Possession Ritual in Ladakh, North India. London: Univ., 1989 [Ph.D.thesis].

Kapferer, Bruce. "Emotion and Feeling in Sinhalese Healing Rituals." Social Analysis 1 (1979): 153-176.

Vogt, Beatrice. Können und Vertrauen. Das Tovil-Heilritual von Sri Lanka als kultureigene Psychotherapie. Ethnologische Schriften Zürich, no. 11. Chur: Rüegger, 1991.

Zysk, Kenneth G. Medicine in the Veda: Religious Healing in the Veda: With Translations and Annotations of Medical Hymns From the Rgveda and the Atharvaveda and Renderings From the Corresponding Ritual Texts. 2nd Indian ed. Reprint. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1998.


IND 3.3.1 Schamanistische Rituale

IND 3.4 Ernterituale, Fruchtbarkeitsrituale

Anderson, Leona M. Vasantotsava : The Spring Festivals of India: Texts and Traditions. Reconstructing Indian History & Culture. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld, 1993.

Kani, Takhe. Agricultural festivals of Arunachal. Itanagar: IPACL, 1995.

Maity, P. K. Human Fertility Cults and Rituals of Bengal: A Comparative Study. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1989.


IND 3.5 Politische und säkulare Rituale

IND 3.5.1 Politische Rituale

IND 3.5.2 Krönungsrituale

Michaels, Axel. Der Hinduismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart. München: C. H. Beck, 1998.

Eichinger Ferro-Luzzi, Gabriella. "Abhiseka, the Indian Rite That Defies Definition." Anthropos 76 (1981): 709-742.


IND 3.5.3 Rechtsrituale

Jolly, Julius. Recht und Sitte: einschliesslich der einheimischen Litteratur. Strassburg: Trübner, 1896.


IND 3.5.4 Säkulare Rituale

Collins, Elizabeth. Pierced by Murugan's Lance: Ritual, Power, and Moral Redemption Among Malaysian Hindus. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 1997.

Freeman, John Richardson. Purity and Violence: Sacred Power in the Teyyam Worship of Malabar. Ann Arbor, Mich: UMI Dissertation Information Service, 1991.

Gell, A. "Exalting the King and Obstructing the State: A Political Interpretation of Royal Ritual in Bastar District, Central India." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 3, no. 3 (1997): 433-450.

Hicks, David. "Making the King Divine: A Case Study in Ritual Regicide From Timor." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 2, no. 4 (1996): 611-624.

Hiltebeitel, Alf. The Ritual of Battle: Krishna in the Mahaabhaarata. SUNY Series in Hinduism. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1990.

Östör, Akos. Culture and Power: Legend, Ritual, Bazaar, and Rebellion in a Bengali Society. New Delhi, Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1984.

Schnepel, Burkhard. Die Dschungelkönige. Ethnohistorische Aspekte von Politik und Ritual in Südorissa/Indien. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1997.

________. "Durga and the King: Ethnohistorical Aspects of Politic-Ritual Life in a South Orissan Jungle Kingdom." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 1, no. 1 (1995): 145.

Tanaka, Mazaku. Patrons, Devotees, and Goddesses: Ritual, and Power Among the Tamil Fishermen of Sri Lanka. New Delhi: Manohar, 1997.

Valeri, Valerio. Kingship and Sacrifice: Ritual and Society in Ancient Hawaii. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1985.

Van den Hoek, Bert. "Does Divinity Protect the King? Ritual and Politics in Nepal." Contribution to Nepalese Studies 17, no. 2 (July 1990): 147-155.


IND 3.6 Ludative Rituale

IND 3.6.1 Spiel und Sport

IND 3.6.2 Feste

Bapata, Tara. Rituals and Festivals of India. Bombay: Popular Prakashan, 1991.

Brückner, Heidrun. Fürstliche Feste: Texte und Rituale der Tulu-Volksreligion an der Westküste Südindiens. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1995.

Freed, Stanley A. and Ruth S. Freed. Hindu Festivals in a North Indian Village. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History. New York: American Museum of Natural History, 1998.

Good, Anthony. "The Annual Goddess Festival in a South Indian Village." South Asian social scientist Vol. 1, no. 2 (1985): 119-167.

Jagadisa Ayyar, P. V. South Indian Festivities. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1982.

Kanitkar, V. P. Hindu Festivals and Sacraments. New Barnet: V.P. Kanitkar, 1984.

Scialpi, Fabio. La Festa Di Pongal a Madurai. Supplemento Agli Annali/Istituto Universitario Orientale. Napoli: Istituto universitario orientale, 1991.

Sen Gupta, Sankar and K. Krishnaswamy. Fire Festival of India: A New Search of South and North Indian Fire Rites, Rituals, and Festivals, with Special Reference to Tamilnadu & Bengal. Indian Publications Folklore Series. Calcutta: Indian Publications, 1984.

Tarabout, Gilles. Sacrifier Et Donner Voir En Pays Malabar: Les Fétes De Temple Au Kerala (Inde Du Sud): Étude Anthropologique. Paris: École Française d'Extrême-Orient, 1986.

Toomey, Paul M. Food From the Mouth of Krishna: Feasts and Festivities in a North Indian Pilgrimage Centre. Delhi: Hindustan Publ., 1994.



IND 3.6.3 Tanz- und Musikrituale, rituelle Kunst

Ashton, Martha Bush. Yaksagana, a Dance Drama of India. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications, 1977.

Boyd, James W. and Ron G. Williams. Ritual Art and Knowledge: Aesthetic Theory and Zoroastrian Ritual. Studies in Comparative Religion. Columbia, S.C.: University of South Carolina Press, 1993.

Dalmia, Yashodhara. The Painted World of the Warlis: Art and Ritual of the Warli Tribes of Maharashtra. Lokakala Series. New Delhi: Lalit Kala Akademi, 1988.

Fischer, Eberhard. Art and Rituals: 2500 Years of Jainism in India. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private, 1977.

Fischer, Eberhard. Murals for Goddesses and Gods: The Tradition of Osakothi Ritual Painting in Orissa, India. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. Zürich: Museum Rietberg, 1996.

Frasca, Richard A. The Theater of the Mahabharata: Terukkuttu Performances in South India. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1990.

Gentes, M. G. Hinduism through village dance dramas. [Ph. D. thesis]

George, David E. R. India: Three Ritual Dance-Dramas [Slide]. Theatre in Focus. Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey in association with The Consortium for Drama and Media in High Education, 1986.

Hawley, John Stratton. At Play with Krishna: Pilgrimage Dramas from Brindavan. Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, 1981.

Hein, Norvin. The miracle plays of Mathura. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972.

Huyler, Stephen Porter. The Production and Use of Ritual Terracottas in India. London: University of London, 1991 [thesis].

Jain, Jyotindra. Painted Myths of Creation: Art and Ritual of an Indian Tribe. Loka Kala Series. New Delhi, India: Lalit Kala Akademi, 1984.

Jayakar, Pupul. The Earth Mother: Legends, Goddesses, and Ritual Arts of India. San Francisco, Calif.: Harper & Row, 1990.

________. The Earthen Drum: An Introduction to the Ritual Arts of Rural India. New Delhi: National Museum: sole distributors, 1980.

Kalamandapa. Buddhist Ritual Dance. Kathmandu, Nepal: Kala Mandapa, 1986.

Kapur, Anuradha. Actors, Pilgrims, Kings, and Gods: the Ramlila at Ramnagar. Calcutta: Seagull Books, 1990.

Keith, A. Berriedale. The Sanskrit Drama in Its Origin, Development, Theory and Practice. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1992.

Khokar, Mohan. Dancing for Themselves: Folk, Tribal, and Ritual Dance of India. New Delhi: Published by Himalayan Books in collaboration with Continental Press, 1987.

Kramrisch, Stella. Unknown India: Ritual Art in Tribe and Village. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1968.

Lidova, Natalia. Drama and Ritual of Early Hinduism. Performing Arts Series. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, 1994.

Lutgendorf, Phillip. The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.

Mookerjee, Ajitcoomar. Ritual Art of India. London: Thames and Hudson, 1985.

Nambiar, Sita K. The Ritual Art of Teyyam and Bhutaradhane: Theatrical Performance with Spirit Mediumship. New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts & Navrang, 1996.

Neog, Maheswar. Bhaona, the Ritual Play of Assam. New Delhi: Sangeet Natak Akademi, 1984.

Pillay, Jayendran. Music, Ritual, and Identity Among Hindu South Africans. 1994.

Ray, Sudhansu Kumar. The Ritual Art of the Bratas of Bengal. Calcutta: Firma K.L. Mukhopadhyay, 1961.

Sax, William S. Lila: Religion and Play in South Asia. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

________. Dancing the Self: Ritual and Theatre in the Central Himalayas. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Swarup, Shanti. The Arts and Crafts of India and Pakistan. A Pictorial Survey of Dancing, Music, Painting, Sculpture, Architecture, Art Crafts, and Ritual Decorations from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Bombay: Taraporevala's Treasure House of Books, 1957.

Tarlekar, Ganesh Hari. Vedic Music and Its Application in Rituals. Exploratory Paper. Delhi: Dharam Hinduja International Centre of Indic Research: Sole distributors, Nag Publishers, 1995.


IND 4. Phänomenologie

IND 4.1 Kleidung

IND 4.2 Schmuck, Dekoration

Narayanan, Archana and Gita. The Language of Symbols: A Project on South Indian Ritual Decorations of a Semi-Permanent Nature. Madras: Crafts Council of India, 198-?

Chatterji, Tapanmohan. Alpona: Ritual Decoration in Bengal. Bombay: Orient Longmans, 1948.


IND 4.3 Haar

Hiltebeitel, Alf and Barbara D. Miller. Hair: its power and meaning in Asian cultures. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1998.


IND 4.4 Körpersalbung, -waschung oder ñ verletzung

Eichinger Ferro-Luzzi, Gabriella. "Abhiseka, the Indian Rite That Defies Definition." Anthropos 76 (1981): 709-742.


IND 4.5 Essen

Eichinger Ferro-Luzzi, Gabriella. "Ritual As Language: The Case of South Indian Food Offerings." Current Anthropology 18, no. 3 (1977): 507-514.

Löwdin, Per. Food, Ritual and Society Among the Newars. Uppsala: Uppsala University, 1985.

Weber-Brosamer, Bernhard. Annam: Untersuchungen zur Bedeutung des Essens und der Speise im vedischen Ritual. Rheinfelden: Schäuble, 1988.


IND 4.6 Tausch

Holmberg, David H. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual, and Exchange Among Nepal's Tamang. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Nath, Vijay. Dana: Gift System in Ancient India. A Socio-economic Perspective. Delhi 1987.

Parry, Jonathan. "The Gift, the Indian Gift and the ëIndian Giftë". Man, N. S., 21 (1986): 453-473.

Raheja, Gloria Goodwin. The Poison in the Gift: Ritual Prestation, and the Dominant Caste in a North Indian Village. Chicago, London: University of Chicago Press, 1988.


IND 4.7 Choreographie

IND 4.8 Rituelle Orte

Gutschow, Niels. Stadtraum und Ritual der newarischen Städte im Kathmandu-Tal: eine architekturanthropologische Untersuchung. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer, 1982.

Gutschow, Niels und Thomas Sieverts. Stadt und Ritual: Beiträge eines internationalen Symposions zur Stadtbaugeschichte Süd- und Ostasiens, 2.-4. Juni 1977. 2. Aufl. Darmstadt: TH Darmstadt, 1978.

Parkin, David. "Ritual as Spatial Direction and Bodily Division." In: Daniel de Coppet (ed.). Understanding Rituals. London: Routledge, 1992: 11-25.

Pieper, Jan. Ritual Space in India: Studies in Architectural Anthropology. Art and Archaeology Research Papers (AARP), no. 17. London: AARP, 1980.

Wilson, Jonathan. Bhaktapur: An Investigation Into Ritual and Spatial Configuration in a Newari Town in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. 1990 [Unpublished M. Sc. thesis].


IND 4.9 Rituelle Zeiten

Michaels, Axel. Der Hinduismus. Geschichte und Gegenwart. München: C. H. Beck, 1998.


IND 4.10 Rituelle Gegenstände

Dharmadhikari, T. N. (ed.). Yajnayudhani: An Album of Sacrificial Utensils, with Descriptive Notes. Pune: Vaidika Samsodhana Mandala, 1989.

Gonda, Jan. The Ritual Functions and Significance of Grasses in the Religion of the Veda. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publ., 1985.

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